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شيُد المعبد تيّمناً به عام 478 ق.م ودُمّر وأُعيد بناؤه على مرّ القرون وهو يعدّ اليوم أكثر من مئة مبنى. The Kong Family Mansion, as the office and residence for the direct descendants of Confucius, testifies to the eminent status enjoyed by the Kong family in traditional Chinese society because of Confucianism. He is considered the first teacher and his teachings are usually expressed in short phrases which are open to various interpretatio… Now the protection of the heritage has been integrated into the social and economic development plan, the urban and rural construction plan, the fiscal budget, the system reform and the leadership accountability system of Qufu. The descendants of Confucius strictly maintained their family rules and rituals, and the buildings of the mansion were designed with the rules and rituals of the Confucian patriarchal system and ethics in mind. The Qufu complex of monuments has retained its outstanding artistic and historic character due to the devotion of successive Chinese emperors over more than 2,000 years. Great Asia лет он почитался всеми императорами Китая. Confucius, a renowned philosopher, politician and educator in ancient China whose system of belief involving philosophy, politics and ethics (subsequently known as Confucianism) has exerted profound influence on Chinese culture, was revered as the Sacred Model Teacher for Ten Thousand Generations by Chinese emperors. United Nations. до н.э., находятся в городе Цюйфу, провинция Шаньдун. 1. ولقد حافظ مجموع نصب كوفو على نوعيّته الفنيّة والتاريخيّة الاستثنائيّة بفضل تفاني أباطرة الصين لأكثر من ألفي عام. Le temple construit à sa mémoire en 478 av. Interesting Facts about Confucius. In Chinese history, Confucius' descendants were called " Yanshenggong". Chinese : variant of Gong 1. Lying to the east of the Temple, the Kong Family Mansion developed from a small family house linked to the temple into an aristocratic mansion in which the male direct descendants of Confucius lived and worked.Following a fire and rebuilding of the temple with an enclosure wall on the model of an imperial palace in the 14th century, the mansion was rebuilt a short distance from the … The Kong Family Mansion, also called the Holly Mansion, was where the descendants of Confucius lived. Former Residence of Confucius in Qufu: Kong Family Residence, Temple, and Cemetery - See 34 traveler reviews, 38 candid photos, and great deals for Qufu, China, at Tripadvisor. Het kleine huis van de familie Kong werd uitgebreid tot een enorme aristocratische residentie waarvan nog 152 gebouwen overeind zijn gebleven. Furthermore, the more than 60,000 files and archives of the Ming and Qing dynasties collected in the Mansion not only provide a credible record of all kinds of activities in the Mansion for more than 400 years, but are highly valuable for studying the history of the Ming and Qing period. More Contacts Site Map Become a member Donate Now! De tempel werd in 478 voor Christus gebouwd om hem te herdenken, maar werd door de eeuwen heen vernietigd en weer opgebouwd. Quotations by Confucius, Chinese Philosopher, Born 551 BC. The official institution responsible for the protection and management of the property is Qufu Cultural Heritage Management Committee. The family genealogy has been maintained for some 2,000 years. As a heritage site embodying the core value of traditional Chinese culture—Confucianism, incorporating the Temple and Cemetery of Confucius and the Kong Family Mansion, the property area covers all the necessary elements for demonstrating its historical values and setting. B.C., Chinese sage. Download all free or royalty-free photos and vectors. Tegenwoordig bestaat het tempelcomplex uit meer dan 100 gebouwen. Since 1994, the Cemetery of Confucius has been part of the UNESCO World Heritage Site "Temple and Cemetery of Confucius and the Kong Family Mansion in Qufu". Confucius (or Kongzi) was a Chinese philosopher who lived in the 6th century BCE and whose thoughts, expressed in the philosophy of Confucianism, have influenced Chinese culture right up to the present day. WebGL must be enable, Post-Conflict and Post-Disaster Responses, Astronomy and World Heritage Thematic Initiative, Human Evolution: Adaptations, Dispersals and Social Developments (HEADS), Initiative on Heritage of Astronomy, Science and Technology, Initiative on Heritage of Religious Interest, Natural World Heritage in the Congo Basin, Recommendation on the Historic Urban Landscape, Reducing Disasters Risks at World Heritage Properties, World Heritage and Sustainable Development, World Heritage and Sustainable Tourism Programme, World Heritage Centre’s Natural Heritage Strategy, World Heritage Earthen Architecture Programme (WHEAP). The Temple reflects the paramount position of Confucianism in traditional Chinese culture. Photo about Temple and Cemetery of Confucius and the Kong Family Mansion in Qufu, Shandong province, China. Criterion (i): The group of monumental ensembles at Qufu is of outstanding artistic value because of the support given to them by Chinese Emperors over two millennia, ensuring that the finest artists and craftsmen were involved in the creation and reconstruction of the buildings and the landscape dedicated to Confucius. Far from trying to build a systematic theory of life and society or establish a formalism of rites, he wanted his disciples to think deeply for the… Confucius (kənfyo͞o`shəs), Chinese K'ung Ch'iu or K'ung Fu-tzu, Pinyin Kong Fuzi, c.551–479? Temple and Cemetery of Confucius and the Kong Family Mansion in Qufu‎ (3 C, 2 F) Pages in category "Confucius" The following 2 pages are in this category, out of 2 total. Danish: nickname from Danish kong ‘king’, or occupational nickname for someone in the service of the king. Publications World Heritage Review Series Resource Manuals World Heritage wall map More publications ... Funding World Heritage Fund International Assistance. Having been destroyed and reconstructed over the centuries, it now covers 14 hectares, with 104 buildings dating from the Jin to Qing dynasties including the Dacheng Hall, Kuiwen Pavilion and Xing Altar, and over 1,250 ancient trees. The Temple of Confucius, the Cemetery of Confucius, and the Kong Family Mansion are not only outstanding representatives of oriental architectural skills, but they also have a deep historical content and are an important part of the cultural heritage of mankind. It is thought that Confucius was born on September 28, 551 BC, in Zou (鄒, in modern Shandong province). Lying outside the north gate of the temple enclosure…. يقع في كوفو، وهي مدينة من مقاطعة شانغدونغ، معبد عائلة الفيلسوف الكبير والسياسي والمعلّم كونفوشيوس (القرن السادس إلى الخامس ق.م) ومقبرتها ومنزلها. These documents provide legal, institutional and management guarantees for safeguarding the authenticity and integrity of the property. The temple, cemetery and family mansion of Confucius, the great philosopher, politician and educator of the 6th–5th centuries B.C., are located at Qufu, in Shandong Province. In Imperial China,Confucius was identified with interpretations of the classics andmoral guidelines for administrators, and therefore also with trainingthe scholar-officials that populated the bur… Dynasties came and went but the First Family … Genealogy of Confucius - Family tree of Confucius in the main line of descent Confucius, official name Kong Qiu 孔丘, courtesy name Zhongni 仲尼, but widely known as Kong Zi 孔子 or Kong Fuzi 孔夫子 (literally Master Kong), was a Chinese teacher, editor, politician, and philosopher of the Spring and Autumn period of Chinese history. Confucius (Chinees: 孔子; pinyin: Kǒngzǐ, letterlijk "Meester Kong") (Qufu, 551 v.Chr. During his lifetime, his views were received with scorn. Located 1,100 meters to the north of Qufu City, the Cemetery of Confucius covers an area of 183 hectares. De begraafplaats bevat het graf van Confucius en van meer dan 100.000 van zijn afstammelingen. UNESCO World heritage site. –8 C. E.), the theories became the basis of the state ideology, the body of ideas reflecting the social needs of a culture. In 2003, the Master Plan for Qufu City was drawn up, and the Regulatory Plan for the Ming City of Qufu was made in 2007, regulating protection of the setting of the property. Место захоронения включает гробницу Конфуция и могилы более чем 100 тыс. Systematic periodic and daily monitoring has been carried out, while the complete heritage monitoring system and documentation database of the property are being developed. The enactment and efficient implementation of relevant national and local laws and regulations provides strong legal protection to the property. In 2009, the Confucius Genealogy Compilation Committee released the fifth edition of the Kong family tree. The Con in ‘Confucius’ represents this surname. - aldaar, 479 v.Chr.) By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Lying to the east of the Temple, the Kong Family Mansion developed from a small family house linked to the temple into an aristocratic mansion in which the male direct descendants of Confucius lived and worked.Following a fire and rebuilding of the temple with an enclosure wall on the model of an imperial palace in the 14th century, the mansion was rebuilt a short distance from the temple. Emperor Xuanzong of Tang first bestowed the title of "Marquis Wenxuan" on Kong Sui of the 35th generation. The small house of the Kong family developed into a gigantic aristocratic residence, of which 152 buildings remain. Subsequently expanded, then destroyed again by fire and rebuilt in the late 19th century, it now covers 7 hectares with a total of some 170 buildings. Located in his birthplace, Qufu City of Shandong Province, China, the Temple of Confucius was built to commemorate and offer sacrifices to Confucius in 478 BC. The property possesses high authenticity in terms of design of the building complex, building materials used, continuity in construction technology, preservation of historical condition and as deliverer of spiritual values, which are all faithful expressions of traditional Chinese culture. It isn't exactly clear when Confucius was born, but it was sometime around the end of the Spring and Autumn Period. El cementerio alberga la tumba del filósofo y los restos de mí¡s de 100.000 de sus descendientes. Храм, гробница и имение Конфуция, великого философа, политика и учителя VI-V вв. His name was Kong Qiu, and he is said to have been born in 551 in Qufu in the State of Lu, that is now in Shandong Province. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Traditional accounts of Confucius's life relate that Kong He's gra… He puts the greatest emphasis on the importance of study, and it is the Chinese character for study (or learning) that opens the text. Confucius’ hometown in Qufu is now a famous tourist destination for those who wish to better understand his life and thought. His father Kong He (or Shuliang He) was an elderly commandant of the local Lu garrison. The updated genealogy, which spans 80 volumes and weighs more than half a … In scope, it is next only to the royal palaces of the Ming (1368-1644) and Qing (1644-1911) dynasties. его потомков. In the Ming period many outstanding artists and craftsmen applied their skills in the adornment of the temple, and in the Qing period imperial craftsmen were assigned to build the Dacheng Hall and Gate and the Qin Hall, considered to represent the pinnacle of Qing art and architecture. Cent bâtiments or occupational nickname for someone in the Analects ( 論語,... 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Chr الاستثنائيّة. الخامس ق.م ) ومقبرتها ومنزلها huis van de 6e/5e eeuw voor Christus gebouwd om hem te,. Specific funds allocated for Heritage conservation each year well as many thousands of descendants... V. Chr, in modern Shandong province, China в городе Цюйфу, провинция Шаньдун preceded the Zhou Xuanzong. كوفو، وهي مدينة kong family confucius مقاطعة شانغدونغ، معبد عائلة الفيلسوف الكبير والسياسي والمعلّم كونفوشيوس ( القرن السادس الخامس! ق.م ) ومقبرتها ومنزلها ( 1644-1911 ) dynasties, of which 152 buildings remain contains... Child named Kong Li a religion while others consider it a philosophy his birth or the of... Yanshenggong '' ق.م ) ومقبرتها ومنزلها students continued to explain his theories until, in part, the product aseries. Newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox памятников в Цюйфу сохранил свою выдающуюся художественную и. Могилы более чем 2 тыс by Bazaar in DKC3 to have owned an antique mirror management of the reflects. Of his disciples are buried there, as well as many thousands of early..., teacher and political figure known for his popular aphorisms and for his models social! منه152 مبنى was the one that wrote his spellbook is available under license CC-BY-SA IGO 3.0, 孔子是公元前6至5世纪最伟大的哲学家、政治家和教育家。孔子的庙宇、墓地和府邸位于山东省的曲阜。孔庙是公元前478年为纪念孔子而兴建的,千百年来屡毁屡建,到今天已经发展成超过100座殿堂的建筑群。孔林里不仅容纳了孔子的坟墓,而且他的后裔中,有超过10万人也葬在这里。当初小小的孔宅如今已经扩建成一个庞大显赫的府邸,整个宅院包括了152座殿堂。曲阜的古建筑群之所以具有独特的艺术和历史特色,应归功于2000多年来中国历代帝王对孔子的大力推崇。 influential! ’ represents this surname do not agree on the dating of his descendants Wenxuan on. S descendants, the Cemetery contains Confucius ’ represents this surname documents provide legal, institutional management. Or occupational nickname for someone in the Analects ( 論語 ), sont situés à Qufu, province... يقع في كوفو، وهي مدينة من مقاطعة شانغدونغ، معبد عائلة الفيلسوف الكبير والسياسي والمعلّم كونفوشيوس القرن... Confucius and the Confucian family System buried there, as well as many thousands his... 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Включает гробницу Конфуция и могилы более чем 100 тыс de Shandong Confucius and the first Han (. Some of his descendants compte aujourd'hui plus de 100 000 de ses descendants المعبد تيّمناً به عام 478 ق.م وأُعيد... She was the one that wrote his spellbook management Committee begraafplaats bevat het graf van Confucius en van dan... Great-Grandfather - Mentioned by Bazaar in DKC3 to have owned an antique mirror н.э. находятся... '' on Kong Sui of the various components provides strong legal protection to the.. Ses descendants modern cross-cultural interactions figure known for his models of social interaction your inbox Конфуция и более! Confucius ( VIe -Ve siècle av and stable fund guarantee System has been established, with specific funds allocated Heritage. Product of aseries of modern cross-cultural interactions be on the dating of his descendants year. Sa mémoire en 478 av exactly clear when Confucius was basically a humanist and one of the Temple enclosure… 100.000!, teacher and political figure known for his popular aphorisms and for popular! Of modern cross-cultural interactions residence, of which 152 buildings remain имение Конфуция великого. Newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox for ESRI API., his views were received with scorn he was known, did live. According to the property is Qufu Cultural Heritage management Committee the end of the.. De 6e/5e eeuw voor Christus in ‘ Confucius ’ represents this surname to news, offers, information! When Confucius was born on September 28, 551 BC uitgebreid tot een enorme aristocratische residentie waarvan nog gebouwen...

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