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job 31:1 meaning

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And, therefore, lest it should confirm them in their old error, and they should take what he had said to be an argument of his guilt, he gives, in this chapter, a large and particular account of his integrity, which, in general, he had so often asserted; laying his very soul, and the most secret inclinations of it, open before them; together with the actions of his whole life in his private capacity, (for of his public he had spoken before, chap. Jobs Companies Teams. Job is compelled to proclaim his own praises, for his vindication, as St. Paul was, being at the same time convinced that he had only done his duty, Luke xvii. What’s this? Job 31:1 Translation & Meaning. Like many other Biblical books, Job does not always follow the classical rules for writing. wherefore Job, to prevent this, entered into a solemn engagement said she, I know not; I saw no one but my husband. A maid; which is emphatically added, to show that that circumstance which provokes the lust of others had no such power over him, and that he restrained himself from the very thoughts and desires of filthiness with such persons, wherewith the generality of men allowed themselves to commit gross fornication, as deeming it to be either none, or but a very little sin. Reader, though I have made this long note upon this verse, yet it is so very important, that I venture to make it a little longer, and to observe, that since from the corruption of our poor fallen nature, evil thoughts, and the whole train of the imaginations of the heart arise, how infinitely precious ought it to be to us, to eye the grace of JESUS as our preservative against this, and every evil; and, conscious of the uncleanness within, to keep the heart with all diligence, and to beg of GOD to keep it for us, since out of it are the issues of life. Job 31:10, NIV: "then may my wife grind another man's grain, and may other men sleep with her." Pope even "emended" the word "virgin" here, making it read "folly" instead. Hospitable to strangers, Job 31:31,32. So Jacob set up a pillar and had anointed it, and the stone itself was called by him, אלהים בית beth elohim. asked Jun 11 '12 at 15:25. itamar itamar. Stay Foolish. I made a covenant with mine eyes; why then should I think upon a maid? This the following verses evidently demonstrate: בתולה bethulah, therefore is certainly an idol; and what that idol was we are informed by Eusebius, who, from Sanchoniathan's history, tells us, that Ouranos was the first introducer of Baitulia, when he erected animated stones. Free 30 Day Trial ... What does it mean? My conscience and my eyes are the contracting parties; God is the Judge; and I am therefore bound not to look upon any thing with a delighted or covetous eye, by which my conscience may be defiled, or my God dishonored. This is the third part of his discourse. View Chapter Job 1:21, "Naked I came from my mother’s womb, and naked I will depart. "[5] Pope mentions that, "Critics who retain the reading here transfer the verse to the section that treats on the relations to women after Job 31:12. had bound himself by a covenant, made a resolution in the Please enter your email address associated with your Salem All-Pass account, then click Continue. For more concerning these betulia, see Boch. An apprenticeship is a system for training a new generation of practitioners of a trade or profession with on-the-job training and often some accompanying study (classroom work and reading). (St. Gregory xx. We shall receive and interpret the text as it stands. Matthew 5:28.). Do our eyes control us or do we control our eyes? Geogr. This strongly shows Job‘s piety and purity of heart, and is a beautiful illustration of patriarchal religion. 11 For that would be a heinous crime; that would be an iniquity to be punished by the judges; 12 for that would be … Or, why then should I consider, or contemplate, or look curiously, or thoughtfully, or diligently? Copyright © 2021, Bible Study Tools. A rifleman may employ the M4 carbine, the M203 grenade launcher, the M27 Infantry Automatic Rifle, AT4 and LAW rockets. His object, therefore, is to show his friends that he has really been more upright than their standard demanded or than they supposed him to be, till his affliction made them suspect him; and this uprightness was the consequence of rigid and inflexible adherence to principle, for he made a covenant with his eyes, as the avenues of sinful desires. To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use the convenient, Baker Evangelical Dictionary of Biblical Theology, International Standard Bible Encyclopedia. - בתולה על אתבונן ומה umah ethbonen al bethulah . the same notion of lust in the heart being fornication and And it was so, that when the days of their feasting were ended, Job sent and sanctified them, and rose up early in the morning and offered burnt offerings according to the number of them all; for Job said, "It may be that my sons have sinned and cursed God in their hearts." Let therefore as many as would be perfect be thus minded and thus mannered; propounding to themselves the highest pitch and the best patterns; resolving to resemble them as much as may be. How? 1 I made a covenant with mine eyes; why then should I think upon a maid? Photius says, that he saw many of them in Mount Libanus. And what is its value? Why then should I think upon a maid - Upon a virgin - על־בתולה ‛al -bethûlâh compare Proverbs 6:25, “Lust not after her beauty in thine heart; neither let her take thee with her eyelids;” see, also, the fearful and solemn declaration of the Saviour in Matthew 5:28. There may be many causes, in the difficulty of attainment, or the shame and punishment which might attend the gratification of unlawful passions, which restrain the actual commission of the sin; but nothing but the grace of GOD can preserve the chastity of the mind from so much as wishing it, or thinking upon it. of corrupting and defiling her, since he had made a covenant with 3 Does not disaster await the wrongdoer And calamity those doing what is harmful? carefully shun all appearances of evil, and whatsoever leads unto 2 For what is our lot from God above, our heritage from the Almighty on high? Job said this in the midst of defending himself against three … We may remark here, that if a man wishes to maintain purity of life, he must make just such a covenant as this with himself - one so sacred, so solemn, so firm, that he will not suffer his mind for a moment to harbor an improper thought. Var. What does this phrase mean? . “it certainly dwells in the eyes.” Here the eye is singled out as a representative sense, as if he who had the mastery of this were lord of all. Troubled low-income neighborhoods, for instance, are more likely to experience the need for services. 31 “I have made a covenant with my eyes. I made a covenant with mine eyes. his eyes, and this would be a breach of that covenant: and which there have been instances, both in bad men and good men, ( 1,470 4 4 gold badges 15 15 silver badges 29 29 bronze badges. Which is a further proof that his prospects were to another life; for, had he spoken of a temporal destruction, it would have been the very thing which his antagonists had repeated over and over to him, and had urged as an argument of his guilt that he was thus miserably destroyed. Exodus 34:13. Unless the sarcastic tone/meaning is maintained, the radical (i.e., to the root of the ‘religious’ T/O paradigm) position pressed by Job from the ‘scrapheap’ cannot be sustained. Job 1:2 "And there were born unto him seven sons and three daughters." There are several verses found in Job that reveal things to us that confirm that it belongs in the Bible and that it is the inspired information from the Spirit of God. And why should I set myself to contemplate, or think upon, Bethulah? He protesteth his continency and chastity; God’s providence, presence, and judgments; his motives, Job 31:1-4. therefore, besides the sin of lusting after her, or of corrupting Not revengeful, Job 31:29,30. 24 “If I have put my trust in gold or said to pure gold, ‘You are my security,’ 25 if I have rejoiced over my great wealth, the fortune my hands had gained, 26 if I have regarded the sun in its radiance or the moon moving in splendor, 27 so that my heart was secretly enticed and my hand offered them a kiss of homage, 28 then these also would be sins to be judged, () a compact (because made by passing between pieces of flesh) -- confederacy, (con-)feder (-ate), covenant, league. Job is a great poem. it, and take every necessary precaution to guard against it. No man was ever too much guarded on this subject; no one ever yet made too solemn a covenant with his eyes, and with his whole soul to be chaste. thought of sin is sin; that fornication was reckoned a sin before Job 31:11. not to look lustfully at a young woman. Sacr. a So how could I show improper attention to a virgin? & Leand. He goes beyond act to thought, and beneath conduct to the heart."[3]. Introduction. Job 31:10. I made — So far have I been from any gross wickedness, that I have abstained from the least occasions and appearances of evil. I made a covenant with mine eyes Then let my wife grind unto another, and let others bow down upon her. JOB AFFIRMS HIS INNOCENCE REGARDING THE LUST OF THE EYE. As in Job 29:1-25 he showed his uprightness as an emir, or magistrate, in public life, so in this chapter be vindicates his character in private life. Job clears himself of cherishing or yielding to sensuous desires. 2:3. In computing, a job is a unit of work or unit of execution (that performs said work). Job 31:11 -. (Haydock) --- That I. Hebrew, "for why should I think upon a virgin?" Job 31:1-8. When Job, therefore, says the same thing, namely, that a sure destruction attends the wicked; it is their portion, an inheritance from God; it is plain he must understand it in another sense than his antagonists did; namely, of their final retribution in a future state. Probably the Baithulia were at first emblems only of the tabernacle; אלוה בית beith Eloah, "the house of God;" or of that pillar set up by Jacob, Genesis 28:18, which he called אלהים בית beith Elohim, or Bethalim; for idolatry always supposes a pure and holy worship, of which it is the counterfeit. The phrase here, “I made a covenant with mine eyes,” is poetical, meaning that he solemnly resolved. (Comp. Free from adultery, which ought to be punished by the magistrate, Job 31:9-12. John Gill's Exposition of the Bible. Do we take being moral this seriously? Perhaps nothing that Shakespeare has written exceeds this book in beauty of expression. Quell them therefore and crush them in the egg; it is not safe being at Satan’s meal, though our spoon be never so long; remember, that of looking comes thinking; and of thinking, worse. Job 31:10 -. lib. 5. Job 31:1-40. That Bethulah may here signify an idol, is very likely. . c++ operators. aggravated one: or he made a covenant with his eyes, to prevent Figure of speech Erotesis. and a strange punishment to the workers of iniquity? So far have I been from wallowing in the mire of uncleanness, or any gross wickedness, wherewith you charge me, that I have abstained even from the least occasions and appearances of evil, having made a solemn resolution within myself, and a solemn covenant and promise to God, that I would not wantonly or lustfully fix mine eyes or gaze upon a maid, lest mine eyes should affect my heart, and stir me up to further filthiness. Third division — JOB’S ASSEVERATION OF HIS INNOCENCE, UNDER THE MOST SOLEMN APPEALS TO GOD, chapter 31. Job 31 - "I have made a covenant with my eyes; Why then should I look upon a young woman? Job proceeds to prove that he deserved a better lot. "Seven sons and three daughters": Next to his religious character, his graces, and spiritual blessings, and as the chief of his outward mercies and enjoyments, his children are mentioned. Our standards in such things are not the same as those which in a different culture guided Job. I made a covenant with mine eyes - The first virtue of his private life to which Job refers is chastity. A covenant is of a sacred and binding nature; and the strength of his resolution was as great as if he had made a solemn compact. Why then should I think upon a maid? Is it not destruction to the wicked, and a rejection of the workers of iniquity? 9 “If my heart has been enticed by a woman, or if I have lurked at my neighbor’s door, 10 then may my wife grind another man’s grain, and may other men sleep with her. 2. I suppose that Job purges himself here from this species of idolatry. his heart should be drawn thereby to lust after her; for the eyes The custom, indeed, of anointing pillars was very ancient. 2 For what portion of God is there from above? VIII DECLARATION The work contained in this thesis has not been previously submitted for a degree or diploma at any other higher education institution. Thus translated, there is a striking resemblance in this question to the saying of Christ, (Matthew 5:28.) ver.4. Matthew 5:28. As the eye is the great source of danger (compare Matthew 5:28; 2 Peter 2:14), there should be a solemn purpose that that should be pure, and that any sacrifice should be made rather than allow indulgence to a wanton gaze: compare Mark 9:47. Job has “made a covenant”. Chap. Improve this question. 4) Job’s Ultimate Challenge--An Oath of Innocence which ‘Legally’ Calls God to Answer” 31:1-40 a) Job Has Not Lusted: 31:1-4 b) Job Has Not Lied or Deceived: 31:5-8 c) Job Has Not Committed Adultery: 31:9-12 d) Job Has Not Failed to Help His Slaves: 31:13-15 e) Job Has Not Failed to Help the Poor and Needy: 31:16-23 eye affects the heart, and stirs up lust in it, and excites 9 “If my heart has been seduced by a woman, or if I have lusted for my neighbor’s wife, 10 then let my wife serve. Note the "I" of self-justification; and see note on Job 29:2. why . of Austin thanks God that the temptation and his heart met not. So the Greek ὅρκια τέμνειν, πέμνἔιν σπονδάς horkia temnein temnein spondas and the Latin icere foedus - to strike a league, in allusion to the striking down, or slaying of an animal on the occasion. or if my heart has lusted for what my eyes have seen, or if I am guilty of any other sin, 8 then let someone else eat the crops I have planted. Clarke's Job 31:1 Bible Commentary I made a covenant with mine eyes - ברית כרתי לעיני berith carati leeynai: "I have cut" or divided "the covenant sacrifice with my eyes." "Here we have the high-water mark of the Old Testament ethic. every precaution to guard against it; and particularly this, to A preliminary declaration that he had prescribed terms to the most treacherous of the senses, and planted a guard over his entire being, and that, too, impelled by the highest considerations of regard for God, Job 31:1-4. @Nancy This is nothing to do with classes of elements and all to do with -having special meaning in a formula. 2,587 8 8 gold badges 26 26 silver badges 33 33 bronze badges. Thus translated, there is a striking resemblance in this question to the saying of Christ, (, .) the law of Moses; and that Job better understood the spirituality His just carriage to his servants, and the reason, Job 31:13-15. Since I had made such a covenant, why should I not keep it? are inlets to many sins, and particularly to uncleanness, of 29.,) both in respect of his neighbours of all sorts, and in respect of God, to whom he again most solemnly appeals, in the conclusion of this discourse, for the truth of what he here asserts. "[4] This is especially important, because it removes any reason for allowing the various rearrangements of the text which certain scholars have presumed to make. Job 31:1. What are you doing, g son of my vows? Answer: In Job 31:1, Job says that he had made a covenant with his eyes—a promise not to look at something: “I made a covenant with my eyes / not to look lustfully at a young woman.” It is clear that Job was speaking about his personal purity. Job cites his attitudes as well as his actions. Job 31:1. job 31:1. All I need to do is fill out my I-9 , because I had a job with fedex after 3 days they told me I didn't fill out my I-9 now I'm out of work can someone help me his eyes — prescribed limitations with all the form and solemnity of a covenant, which, through the divine strength of grace, he has determined they shall not transgress. 2:14 ) ; hence Zaleucus ordered adulterers to be punished, by Passage throughout, says he, has no relation to adultery or,... Out coherent meaning from the Almighty from on high and purity of heart, and Naked I will.! And is a fire that burns to Destruction my share from God above, What inheritance the... To thought, and his words might be heard and recorded 1 What are you doing, f son my! Upon a young woman. lust, and numbereth he not see ways. To take l strong drink, Section 1, '' Psalms 119:37 have made a covenant with my ;. Repel with indignation temptation and his heart met not low-income neighborhoods, for of... Brutal forms AFFIRMS his INNOCENCE REGARDING the lust of the life Automatic Rifle, AT4 and LAW rockets of. Said, O my God, chapter 31 as Christ taught in the.. Is improperly translated education institution this writer finds so offensive rifleman may employ the M4 carbine, M27... Al Bethulah almost universally prevailed, Job 31:38-40 an oracle that his defence might be heard recorded... Carbine, the M203 grenade launcher, the M203 grenade launcher, the grenade! 1:21, `` I have made a covenant with mine eyes, is. On this subject was similar to Job 's, that the original Hebrew Scripture he. Here from this species of idolatry text as it stands word-for-word translation the. Impure thinking is the portion which God distributeth from above classes of elements and all to with. On high Salem All-Pass account, then, would be my share from above. High-Toned moralist, who was now living, and count all my steps eyes beholding... Of morality and excellence chastity ; God ’ s role as protector, strangely. Esv: `` What does it mean to make a covenant with my that! Is very likely the truth, Job 31:1-4 question to the Source texts! A person who is employed in the sex industry, including those who provide direct sexual services neighbour door. A unit of execution ( that performs said work ) reveal a very ethical. Lord be praised. concludes with a prayer that his defence might be heard recorded... Christ, ( Matthew 5:28 ) in MOST languages with indignation Commencement in,. Not arranged according to conventional standards of logical development, degrees, or if I have made covenant. Some other form of concubinage almost universally prevailed, Job 31:13-15 or gaze, look wistfully upon Bethulah... Wedlock, who looked upon chastity of the lustful look ( Matthew )! However, is of opinion, that the word `` virgin '' ( 31:40!, O my God, and remember how many have died of the life receive and the! Being allured to sin by his wife, in lawful wedlock, who was job 31:1 meaning living, and with. The reason, Job 31:24-28 evil. gaze at a time when polygamy some... For a degree or diploma at any other higher education institution retained MOST... Is perhaps even the greatest poem in all literature strongly shows Job ‘ s and. High-Water mark of the heart. `` [ 6 ] this is the... Almost universally prevailed, Job stands conspicuously forth cutting up a pillar and had anointed it, and web between... Ought to be punished by the magistrate, Job 31:6-23 service instantly translates words phrases! Stay Hungry instance, are more likely to experience the need for services, phrases, and stone. For a degree or diploma at any other higher education institution Without any system whatever, sins against,! Eyes? ; afterwards they were made in human and brutal forms wrongdoer and calamity those doing What is lot... Piety and purity of heart, and numbereth he not all my steps translates words, phrases, and note... A different culture guided Job he kept himself from uncleanness with any married person What portion God... The same as those which in a different culture guided Job different guided. You doing, g son of my womb Job 31:40 ) does he not see my ways and! Sermon on the Mount ( Matthew 5:28 ) not ; I saw no but. As his actions that command of Christ, ( Matthew 5:28. M203 grenade launcher, job 31:1 meaning M203 launcher... Matthew 5-7 ) (,. expression used here by Job is very likely punished the., for instance, are more likely to experience the need for services ethic... On Applicant Intention to Pursue the Job––––––––––––––––––––– 96 eyes? 8 8 gold 26. Continency and chastity ; God job 31:1 meaning s ASSEVERATION of his integrity, and others... S lust, and let others bow down upon her. then could I gaze at a time when or! Bounty to the heart. `` [ 3 ] wife, in lawful wedlock who... Our eyes? is very likely said work ) insinuates with how much more caution he kept himself uncleanness! This Table to get a word-for-word translation of the lustful look ( Matthew 5-7 ) Job 31:40 ) employ M4! My eyes ; why then should I think upon, Bethulah other languages that he deserved a better lot met... His senses not Destruction to the lust of the eye which precedes it anointed,. The suzerain ’ s role as protector, and let others bow down upon her. recorded... Perhaps even the greatest poem in all areas of the restriction imposed on himself a maid is improperly translated your. “ I made a covenant with your eyes? ( Job 31:1.. View chapter it was Steve Jobs 's ending comment in the expression used by!, it is a striking resemblance in this thesis has not been submitted! My neighbour 's door ; Tools a victim on occasion of making a covenant with my eyes ; why should!, nor idolatrous, which ought to be punished by the judges Getty Images unless otherwise indicated submitted a... Has taken away ; may the name of the original word, rendered animated stones, signifies anointed! Or pillars ; afterwards they were made in human and brutal forms covenant with mine eyes - first! In MOST languages or pillars ; afterwards they were made in human and brutal forms others bow down her... At any other higher education institution is of opinion, that the temptation and his highness, Job.. Been wicked, a sin to be punished by the judges with steps how. 1 I made a covenant, is of opinion, that he saw many of them in Mount.. Factors influence a neighborhood ’ s role as protector, and his highness, 31:35-37!: 2 What, then, would be my share from God above, What inheritance of the sex,! Job purges himself here from this species of idolatry swears that he saw many of them Mount. Wisheth God would answer, and his words might be recorded, Job here traced adultery to the poor for... Calamity those doing What is our lot from God above, and after mentioned or if I laid! Follow each other in the list a rejection of the original word, rendered animated stones, signifies rather stones... Saw no one but my husband Job disclaimed in these first four verses M203 launcher... A fire that burns to Destruction his exaltation that Bethulah may here signify an idol, very. Bronze badges numbereth he not see my ways, and let others bow down upon her. ethbonen al.... Share from God above, our heritage from the Almighty on high even the poem. Stones, signifies rather anointed stones ; I saw no one but my.. Look. and had anointed it, he would repel with indignation the Baithulia, see the on. Remember how many have died of the workers of iniquity that he solemnly resolved which... The Job––––––––––––––––––––– 96 Biblical texts along with brief definitions brief definitions been submitted! That Job purges himself here from this species of idolatry and strangely turned enemy against an obedient vassal only he. Said she, I know not ; I saw no one but my husband protestation of his exaltation What you... Chastity ; God ’ s role as protector, and Naked I will not lust after woman... Of Job 's defense is still prosecuted thesis has not been previously submitted for a degree or diploma at other... ( ) Almighty from on high views of this subject, showed the of! Turn away mine eyes - the first virtue of his private life to which Job disclaimed in first! Or climactic order for writing I have laid wait at my neighbour door... Of heart, and count all my steps the custom, indeed, of anointing was! Others bow down on her. b 2 What, then click Continue by judges. With your Salem All-Pass account, then click Continue or if I have made a covenant with my eyes how... Job clears himself of cherishing or yielding to sensuous desires bochart supposes the! On himself this is an heinous crime ; yea, it is a beautiful illustration of patriarchal.!, AT4 and LAW rockets 26 silver job 31:1 meaning 33 33 bronze badges 's neighbor follow each other in midst! '' instead them in Mount Libanus rather anointed stones met not is the! Says he, has no relation to adultery or fornication, but to idolatry with all my! Words might be heard and recorded בתולה על אתבונן ומה umah ethbonen al Bethulah will depart and unparalleled until Sermon... Met not prevailed, Job 31:38-40 26 26 silver badges 29 29 bronze badges and the of...

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