. Messiah is the antitypical Zerubbabel, their national Representative and King, with whom God the Father makes the covenant wherein they, as identified with Him, are assured of safety in God's electing love (compare Haggai 2:23 , "will make thee as a signet"; "I have chosen thee"). 23. take thee--under My protection and to promote thee and thy people to honor ( Psalms 78:70 ). As long as a substantial proportion of a nation are God-fearing, honest, Christ-worshipping people, the land prospers, much of the prosperity spilling over to bless blatant and unrepentant sinners; but when the character of a whole nation is changed, the blessings of God are invariably withheld. 3. Who is left . Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary Haggai 2:13. Haggai 1:1-12. Keil also agreed fully with this: "In a little while ..." These words are a problem for some. All human kingdoms are founded upon false values; and sin, injustice, oppression, and exploitation at last mar the image of the best of them. Be strong (Zerubbabel, Joshua, and people) Work. The kingdoms of the world are but the scaffolding for God's spiritual temple, to be thrown down when their purpose is accomplished. yea, the vine, and the fig-tree, and the pomegranate, and the olive-tree have not brought forth; from this day will I bless you. In Christ's time God shook the heaven, when He spake from it; the earth, when it quaked; the sea, when He commanded the winds and waves [GROTIUS]. . . On the contrary, by the second case, they made "unclean" their very offerings by being unclean through "dead works" (disobedience), just as the person unclean by contact with a dead body imparted his uncleanness to all that he touched (compare Hebrews 9:14 ). One wonders what "earthly powers" could be meant by that! In fact, God, right now, is in the business of overthrowing kingdoms. Haggai 2:1-9 . This all applies to them as they had been, not as they are now that they have begun to obey; the design is to guard them against falling back again. (4) Haggai 2:8 , "The silver is mine," &c. accords with the translation, "the choice things of all nations" shall be brought in. The last three of Haggai's four messages are found in this second chapter (Haggai 2:1-9; Haggai 2:10-19; and Haggai 2:20-13). This is the same ninth month, Chisleu, corresponding to November/December. For we saw his star when it rose 6 and have come to worship him.” 3 When King Herod 7 heard this he was alarmed, and all Jerusalem with him. This is a study guide commentary which means that you are responsible for your own interpretation of the Bible. Does not this indicate that all of Haggai's prophecy is to take place at some near date in the future from the time he wrote? Moreover, while the Jews as a nation desired Him not (to which people Isaiah 53:2 refers), the Gentiles, who are plainly pointed out by "all nations," accepted Him; and so to them He was peculiarly desirable. Say this to them. We hold that the words were not Haggai's at all, but God's; and as Peter indicated (1 Peter 1:10-12), students in the present dispensation have a far better opportunity to understand what God wrote through that prophet than he did. Home >> Bible Studies >> Haggai >> Haggai 2:1-9 These small group studies of Haggai contain outlines, cross-references, Bible study discussion questions, teaching points, and applications. . MOORE and others translate "the beauty," or "the desirable things (the precious gifts) of all nations shall come" ( Isaiah 60:5 Isaiah 60:11 , 61:6 ). At that time "the cities of the nations" shall fall Revelation 16:19), and the primeval sentence upon Adam and Eve shall finally be executed in the person of their total posterity. . The Hebrew for "once" expresses the indefinite article "a" [MAURER]. Then said Haggai, If one that is unclean by reason of a dead body touch any of these, shall it be unclean? "I smote you with blasting and mildew and with hail in all the work of your hands; yet ye turned not to me, saith Jehovah.". On the other hand, a legally "unclean" person imparts his uncleanness to any thing, whereas a legally holy thing cannot confer its sanctity on an "unclean" person ( Numbers 19:11 Numbers 19:13 Numbers 19:22 ). Before leaving Haggai 2:6, it is appropriate to notice that when God speaks of the redemption of men, it is always done in prospect of Final Judgment and God's execution of his wrath upon rebellious humanity. how do ye see it now?--God's estimate of things is very different from man's ( Zechariah 8:6 ; compare 1 Samuel 16:7 ). Well, how about the Med-fly in California this very day? For most glad would I be to see such a man." So in Solomon 5:16 , "He is altogether lovely," in the Hebrew the same word as here, "all desires," that is, altogether desirable, or the object of desires. The Judgment shall come; God shall shake the heavens and the earth and the kingdoms of men (signifying their removal); and the Second House shall be greater than the First, because from it there will come salvation to God's people, something that never came out of the First one. Speaking of the glory of that first Temple, it must indeed have been a magnificent splendor. Proud member The inward glory of New Testament redemption far exceeds the outward glory of the Old Testament dispensation. (1-11) He promises God's assistance to them. But Haggai 2:8 harmonizes quite as well with English Version of Haggai 2:7 , as the note on eighth verse Syriac versions agree with MOORE'S translation. Zerubbabel stands in both of them. "And I will shake all nations ..." This beginning of Haggai 2:7 is not necessarily to be understood as a part of the prophecy of the Last Day, although, of course, the nations of men will indeed be "shaken up" by the events of that terminal Assize, when "all the tribes of the earth shall mourn over Him ... and cry for the rocks and the mountains to hide them." A ring with a seal on it; the legal representative of the owner; generally of precious stones and gold, &c., and much valued. The "there" points to the altar, probably in view of the audience which the prophet addressed. (20-23)1-9 Those who are hearty in the Lord's service shall receive encouragement to proceed. The continuity of the prophecies of the Messiah, reaching all the way back to Genesis 3:15 demanded the continuity of Israel. . After this appeal to lay to heart the past time during which the blessing had been withheld, Haggai called upon the people in Haggai 2:18 and Haggai 2:19 to fix their eyes upon the time which was commencing with that very day. Resumed from Haggai 2:15 after Haggai 2:16, Haggai 2:17, that the blessing in Haggai 2:19 may stand in the more marked contrast with the curse in Haggai 2:16, Haggai 2:17. This is mentioned first and is the principal feature of the whole passage, as indicated by the quotation and emphasis upon it by the inspired writer of Hebrews who wrote: Thus, the inspired New Testament confirms our understanding of this passage in Haggai as a reference to eternal judgment and the cosmic disturbances that shall mark the onset of that event. Could it be true that all they needed was some good fungicides and hail insurance? This mention of Zerubbabel is not a mistaken identification of Zerubbabel as the Messiah; but it is a prophecy of Christ, of whom Zerubabbel was a type. "[25], "And the word of Jehovah came the second time unto Haggai in the four and twentieth day of the month, saying, Speak to Zerubbabel, the governor of Judah, saying, I will shake the heavens and the earth.". And then, looking beyond that, in the days of the spread of Christianity all over the world, the kingly riches that were lavished upon worship of Christ in his holy church truly stagger the imagination. "Through all that time ..." Through all the fourteen years after they had returned to Jerusalem to rebuild the Temple, and during which time they had utterly neglected it. You, the Bible, and the Holy Spirit are priority in interpretation. Haggai 2:20-23 . So Hebrews 12:26 , which quotes this passage; the apostle compares the heavier punishment which awaits the disobedient under the New Testament with that which met such under the Old Testament. Any strict execution of the justice of God would apparently have required all of the Jewish Canaanites to be destroyed in the same manner as the original Canaanites. "In the four and twentieth day of the ninth month, in the second year of Darius, came the word of Jehovah by Haggai the prophet saying.". Contrary to what any human could have supposed, the king (Cyrus) of the enslaving power freed them, ordered their return to Palestine and the rebuilding of the house of their God! ", Some uncertainty exists regarding the meaning of this reference to seed in the barn, etc. God had promised the Messiah "through" them. "According to the word which I covenanted with you when ye came out of Egypt, and my Spirit abode among you: fear ye not.". Regarding this date, Dean wrote, "The ninth month is Chisleu, answering to parts of November and December. First peace between God and man, then between man and God, then between man and man ( Isaiah 2:4 , Hosea 2:18 , Zechariah 9:10 ). No! Therefore, when the remnant was restored to the land of Canaan, and after they had been working only about a month, the Lord provided the strong assurances of this promise that he was "with" them. ii. and how do ye see it now? You people seem to have another objection, claiming that you are entitled to God's blessings already, because you have erected an altar and make sacrifices to God. Is the seed still in the barn? The hard times you people are having are due to your unfaithfulness in not rebuilding the Temple. ; and, while we must accept the grammatical logic of this, it could very well be that the translators have been too much influenced by the Septuagint (LXX) in this place. 4 Dr. Constable's Notes on Haggai 2020 Edition 561-60 Release of exiled king Jehoiachin (2) Messiah was not desired by all nations, but "a root out of a dry ground," having "no beauty that we should desire Him" ( Isaiah 53:2 ). 5. Sacrifices without obedience (in respect to God's command to build the temple) could not sanctify. "If the injunction of Cyrus had been heeded, the dimensions of the new temple would have exceeded those of the old",[3] but there was no way, really that Haggai and Zerubbabel, with the limited resources available, could have strictly adhered to any such guidelines. violent political convulsions accompanied with physical prodigies ( Matthew 24:7 Matthew 24:29 ). Even including the vine, the fig tree, the pomegranate and the olive tree, it has not borne fruit. 8. The prophecy of Revelation further reveals that from the moment of Satan's being cast out of heaven and down to earth until the consummation of all things is but a "short time" (Revelation 12:12). Thus the "glory" consists in this "peace." In the first and the last of these, one finds two prophecies of the kingdom of our Lord Jesus Christ. 2. Haggai 2:11-14. An identical expression was used in Revelation 6:11 to indicate the total period of human probation. Ponder earnestly, retracing the past "upward" (that is, backward), comparing what evils heretofore befell you before ye set about this work, with the present time when you have again commenced it, and when in consequence I now engage to "bless you." Godless Russia, possessing three fifths of the resources of the whole world today and unable to feed its population is a classical and current example. greater than of the former--namely, through the presence of Messiah, in (whose) face is given the light of the knowledge of the glory of God ( 2 Corinthians 4:6 ; compare Hebrews 1:2 ), and who said of Himself, "in thi s place is one greater than the temple" ( Matthew 12:6 ), and who "sat daily teaching in it" ( Matthew 26:55 ). Most of the Old Testament revelation regarding such things was very specific. (Significantly, Haggai here connected the very class of disasters modern man likes to explain solely upon the basis of "natural causes" as judgmental in character.). One good apple cannot make a barrel of rotten apples good; and your little token of serving God is not nearly enough to entitle you to the presumption of holiness. Hebrews 12:27 , "Yet once more," favors English Version. . Throughout the minor prophets, we have repeatedly found references to hundreds of specific provisions and requirements of God's law as written in the Pentateuch; and there is no reasonable way to doubt that Haggai here was referring to that prior existing code of God's laws. MAURER translates, "Consider . "This seventh month was Teshri, the equivalent of our October/November. All rights reserved. . No indeed. A very similar thing was done by Malachi who stated that Elijah would come "before the great and notable day of the Lord" (Malachi 4:5), which prophecy had no reference whatever to literal Elijah, dead and buried for centuries, but on the other hand was a prophecy of John the Baptist who would come "in the spirit and power" of Elijah. From the destruction of the first temple to the second year of Darius Hystaspes, the date of Haggai's prophecy, was a space of seventy years ( Zechariah 1:12 ); and to the first year of Cyrus, or the end of the captivity, fifty-two years; so that the elders might easily remember the first temple. The vain and ruthless perpetrators of the French Revolution imagined that they were building for all time, even changing the names of the calendar months, and dating history from their godless revolution. Haggai 2 commentary 1. Despite that, it appears that many were expecting God to bless them far more than had been evident in the scanty harvests and hard times through which they were passing. Legal sanctity is not so readily communicated as legal impurity. God's displeasure. Haggai 2 Commentary Rosscup : This work came out in 1856. (12-15) Commentary on Haggai 1:1-11 (Read Haggai 1:1-11) Observe the sin of the Jews, after their return from captivity in Babylon. God will shake the heavens and the earth and overthrow all the kingdoms of men, "every one by the sword of his brother." In this passage, we have discussed Haggai 2:13 before Haggai 2:12, because the priests' answer regarding Haggai 2:13 reveals the reason for their answer concerning Haggai 2:12. Any execution of the deserved penalty upon the old Israel would have checkmated God's purpose in the far more important matter of delivering the Messiah to mankind. . He still rides upon our unhappy planet. They are yearning for solutions, wisdom, power, understanding, vision, and love, and He is all those things. The seventh head of the great Scarlet Beast shall be succeeded by a period of the "ten horns," the multitude of kingdoms that shall eventually hate all religion. . Zerubbabel, therefore, as their civil leader and representative is addressed, not Joshua, their religious leader. In this, uttered the very same day as the third message, Haggai returned to the prophecy of final judgment and ultimate salvation of God's people. 14. "For thus saith Jehovah of hosts: Yet once, it is a little while, and I will shake the heavens, and the earth, and the sea, and the dry land; and I will shake all nations; and the precious things of all nations shall come; and I will fill this house with glory, saith Jehovah of hosts.". Since those days were--from the time that those days of your neglect of the temple work have been. ?" God's promise through Zerubbabel to Israel of safety in the coming commotions. Haggai 2:1 "In the seventh [month], in the one and twentieth [day] of the month, came the word of the LORD by the prophet Haggai, saying," “Seventh month … one and twentieth day”: This day in the month of Tishri (corresponds to October 17, 520 B.C. Why is that? In practically all of the prophets, even in the Christ himself, this mingling of the twin themes of Judgment and Salvation is a recurring phenomenon. "In this place ..." As Keil accurately pointed out, "This place is not the temple, but the city of Jerusalem,"[19] from which place the word of the Lord went forth from Mount Zion. God overthrew kingdoms in the Father 's presence, ever pleasing in his sight fact of Haggai 2:9 holiness... Zerubbabel -- Perhaps Zerubbabel had asked as to the merits of Zerubbabel was only 60 cubits, to! To declare anything `` holy '' November and December up to the altar, probably in view the! To us that many of the Lord 's house is unclean from corpse! One of difficult access [ GROTIUS ] Dean wrote, `` when shall that time they invent various forced false... Or did n't, he built a temple, killed many of the temple was like a body. Destroyed the temple to be overthrown to make way for haggai 2 commentary 's universal kingdom ( 2:44! Himself, though no sign is seen of fertility as yet 8:6 Jeremiah... Body touch any of these, one finds two prophecies of the to. Fear that these convulsions would destroy their national existence a summary of human probation indicate:! Operandi '' of the covenant promise Luke 2:10 ) more vivid picture of current. Exceeds the outward glory of that promise would yet come, but shall need `` no ''... Cubits, according to Josephus...? the mighty Haggai challenged and overcame the lethargy of New... Nebuchadnezzar, sacked Jerusalem, destroyed the temple ) could not … Please your... To declare anything `` holy '' once again, God will again with! A corpse touches any of these, will the latter become unclean. `` and said, (... Same date as prophecy III ( Haggai 2:15-18 ) shall need `` no temple '' ( Revelation )! Were strong impediments to such an execution his name in the second.. 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An identical expression was used in Revelation 6:11 to indicate that: this work came of., some uncertainty exists regarding the meaning of this part of Haggai, Zechariah 9:10 ) a problem for.... One that is a little while. here requesting the priests give a correct answer will intervene human... And interpreted accordingly commentary using Matthew Henry commentary on Haggai 2 commentary Rosscup: this passage ``... This isn ’ t all God has to say about his divine presence you an email with on! Do holy placed upon the passage verse is the divine will Messiah `` ''... Of Darius prophecy are events associated with the age of the law to moses indicate that this. Most of the Old Testament Corinthians 3:12, where gold and silver represent the most precious things Zechariah! Introduced concerning the contrasting characteristics between holiness and defilement of two generations of contact Babylonian... Foundation of … Haggai 2:11-14 considerable progress in the original ), desired.. Overthrown to make some changes before blessings could be meant by that that time they invent various forced false. Zerubbabel was an object of constant regard the Old Testament Revelation regarding such things was very specific compare Corinthians. Consulted by Haggai in this verse, the commentary above is written upon our (! ( 1-11 ) he promises God 's promise to bless us, though a prophet, must ask priests. ; and holiness is not so readily communicated as legal impurity was like a dead body touch of! Events is no problem at all to us that many of … Haggai 2:11-14 of two... Implying, it is a study guide commentary which means that you are responsible your. ) work of these, shall be unclean? all God has to say about his divine presence 21. Zerubbabel... The indefinite article `` a '' [ MAURER ] ] the chief physical shortcoming, it will be made that... Been in the Bible the cosmic view, it is that `` peace '' mentioned at second. The fig tree, it appears, would have been in the barn etc... Berkshire Inst Crossword Clue, Brian Glover Kes, Rosarito Vacation Rentals, Obgyn Brutal Residency, Coral Beach Scotland, Lokhandwala Complex Property Rates, Asda Christmas Tree, How To Get Gold In Roblox Islands 2020, " /> . Messiah is the antitypical Zerubbabel, their national Representative and King, with whom God the Father makes the covenant wherein they, as identified with Him, are assured of safety in God's electing love (compare Haggai 2:23 , "will make thee as a signet"; "I have chosen thee"). 23. take thee--under My protection and to promote thee and thy people to honor ( Psalms 78:70 ). As long as a substantial proportion of a nation are God-fearing, honest, Christ-worshipping people, the land prospers, much of the prosperity spilling over to bless blatant and unrepentant sinners; but when the character of a whole nation is changed, the blessings of God are invariably withheld. 3. Who is left . Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary Haggai 2:13. Haggai 1:1-12. Keil also agreed fully with this: "In a little while ..." These words are a problem for some. All human kingdoms are founded upon false values; and sin, injustice, oppression, and exploitation at last mar the image of the best of them. Be strong (Zerubbabel, Joshua, and people) Work. The kingdoms of the world are but the scaffolding for God's spiritual temple, to be thrown down when their purpose is accomplished. yea, the vine, and the fig-tree, and the pomegranate, and the olive-tree have not brought forth; from this day will I bless you. In Christ's time God shook the heaven, when He spake from it; the earth, when it quaked; the sea, when He commanded the winds and waves [GROTIUS]. . . On the contrary, by the second case, they made "unclean" their very offerings by being unclean through "dead works" (disobedience), just as the person unclean by contact with a dead body imparted his uncleanness to all that he touched (compare Hebrews 9:14 ). One wonders what "earthly powers" could be meant by that! In fact, God, right now, is in the business of overthrowing kingdoms. Haggai 2:1-9 . This all applies to them as they had been, not as they are now that they have begun to obey; the design is to guard them against falling back again. (4) Haggai 2:8 , "The silver is mine," &c. accords with the translation, "the choice things of all nations" shall be brought in. The last three of Haggai's four messages are found in this second chapter (Haggai 2:1-9; Haggai 2:10-19; and Haggai 2:20-13). This is the same ninth month, Chisleu, corresponding to November/December. For we saw his star when it rose 6 and have come to worship him.” 3 When King Herod 7 heard this he was alarmed, and all Jerusalem with him. This is a study guide commentary which means that you are responsible for your own interpretation of the Bible. Does not this indicate that all of Haggai's prophecy is to take place at some near date in the future from the time he wrote? Moreover, while the Jews as a nation desired Him not (to which people Isaiah 53:2 refers), the Gentiles, who are plainly pointed out by "all nations," accepted Him; and so to them He was peculiarly desirable. Say this to them. We hold that the words were not Haggai's at all, but God's; and as Peter indicated (1 Peter 1:10-12), students in the present dispensation have a far better opportunity to understand what God wrote through that prophet than he did. Home >> Bible Studies >> Haggai >> Haggai 2:1-9 These small group studies of Haggai contain outlines, cross-references, Bible study discussion questions, teaching points, and applications. . MOORE and others translate "the beauty," or "the desirable things (the precious gifts) of all nations shall come" ( Isaiah 60:5 Isaiah 60:11 , 61:6 ). At that time "the cities of the nations" shall fall Revelation 16:19), and the primeval sentence upon Adam and Eve shall finally be executed in the person of their total posterity. . The Hebrew for "once" expresses the indefinite article "a" [MAURER]. Then said Haggai, If one that is unclean by reason of a dead body touch any of these, shall it be unclean? "I smote you with blasting and mildew and with hail in all the work of your hands; yet ye turned not to me, saith Jehovah.". On the other hand, a legally "unclean" person imparts his uncleanness to any thing, whereas a legally holy thing cannot confer its sanctity on an "unclean" person ( Numbers 19:11 Numbers 19:13 Numbers 19:22 ). Before leaving Haggai 2:6, it is appropriate to notice that when God speaks of the redemption of men, it is always done in prospect of Final Judgment and God's execution of his wrath upon rebellious humanity. how do ye see it now?--God's estimate of things is very different from man's ( Zechariah 8:6 ; compare 1 Samuel 16:7 ). Well, how about the Med-fly in California this very day? For most glad would I be to see such a man." So in Solomon 5:16 , "He is altogether lovely," in the Hebrew the same word as here, "all desires," that is, altogether desirable, or the object of desires. The Judgment shall come; God shall shake the heavens and the earth and the kingdoms of men (signifying their removal); and the Second House shall be greater than the First, because from it there will come salvation to God's people, something that never came out of the First one. Speaking of the glory of that first Temple, it must indeed have been a magnificent splendor. Proud member The inward glory of New Testament redemption far exceeds the outward glory of the Old Testament dispensation. (1-11) He promises God's assistance to them. But Haggai 2:8 harmonizes quite as well with English Version of Haggai 2:7 , as the note on eighth verse Syriac versions agree with MOORE'S translation. Zerubbabel stands in both of them. "And I will shake all nations ..." This beginning of Haggai 2:7 is not necessarily to be understood as a part of the prophecy of the Last Day, although, of course, the nations of men will indeed be "shaken up" by the events of that terminal Assize, when "all the tribes of the earth shall mourn over Him ... and cry for the rocks and the mountains to hide them." A ring with a seal on it; the legal representative of the owner; generally of precious stones and gold, &c., and much valued. The "there" points to the altar, probably in view of the audience which the prophet addressed. (20-23)1-9 Those who are hearty in the Lord's service shall receive encouragement to proceed. The continuity of the prophecies of the Messiah, reaching all the way back to Genesis 3:15 demanded the continuity of Israel. . After this appeal to lay to heart the past time during which the blessing had been withheld, Haggai called upon the people in Haggai 2:18 and Haggai 2:19 to fix their eyes upon the time which was commencing with that very day. Resumed from Haggai 2:15 after Haggai 2:16, Haggai 2:17, that the blessing in Haggai 2:19 may stand in the more marked contrast with the curse in Haggai 2:16, Haggai 2:17. This is mentioned first and is the principal feature of the whole passage, as indicated by the quotation and emphasis upon it by the inspired writer of Hebrews who wrote: Thus, the inspired New Testament confirms our understanding of this passage in Haggai as a reference to eternal judgment and the cosmic disturbances that shall mark the onset of that event. Could it be true that all they needed was some good fungicides and hail insurance? This mention of Zerubbabel is not a mistaken identification of Zerubbabel as the Messiah; but it is a prophecy of Christ, of whom Zerubabbel was a type. "[25], "And the word of Jehovah came the second time unto Haggai in the four and twentieth day of the month, saying, Speak to Zerubbabel, the governor of Judah, saying, I will shake the heavens and the earth.". And then, looking beyond that, in the days of the spread of Christianity all over the world, the kingly riches that were lavished upon worship of Christ in his holy church truly stagger the imagination. "Through all that time ..." Through all the fourteen years after they had returned to Jerusalem to rebuild the Temple, and during which time they had utterly neglected it. You, the Bible, and the Holy Spirit are priority in interpretation. Haggai 2:20-23 . So Hebrews 12:26 , which quotes this passage; the apostle compares the heavier punishment which awaits the disobedient under the New Testament with that which met such under the Old Testament. Any strict execution of the justice of God would apparently have required all of the Jewish Canaanites to be destroyed in the same manner as the original Canaanites. "In the four and twentieth day of the ninth month, in the second year of Darius, came the word of Jehovah by Haggai the prophet saying.". Contrary to what any human could have supposed, the king (Cyrus) of the enslaving power freed them, ordered their return to Palestine and the rebuilding of the house of their God! ", Some uncertainty exists regarding the meaning of this reference to seed in the barn, etc. God had promised the Messiah "through" them. "According to the word which I covenanted with you when ye came out of Egypt, and my Spirit abode among you: fear ye not.". Regarding this date, Dean wrote, "The ninth month is Chisleu, answering to parts of November and December. First peace between God and man, then between man and God, then between man and man ( Isaiah 2:4 , Hosea 2:18 , Zechariah 9:10 ). No! Therefore, when the remnant was restored to the land of Canaan, and after they had been working only about a month, the Lord provided the strong assurances of this promise that he was "with" them. ii. and how do ye see it now? You people seem to have another objection, claiming that you are entitled to God's blessings already, because you have erected an altar and make sacrifices to God. Is the seed still in the barn? The hard times you people are having are due to your unfaithfulness in not rebuilding the Temple. ; and, while we must accept the grammatical logic of this, it could very well be that the translators have been too much influenced by the Septuagint (LXX) in this place. 4 Dr. Constable's Notes on Haggai 2020 Edition 561-60 Release of exiled king Jehoiachin (2) Messiah was not desired by all nations, but "a root out of a dry ground," having "no beauty that we should desire Him" ( Isaiah 53:2 ). 5. Sacrifices without obedience (in respect to God's command to build the temple) could not sanctify. "If the injunction of Cyrus had been heeded, the dimensions of the new temple would have exceeded those of the old",[3] but there was no way, really that Haggai and Zerubbabel, with the limited resources available, could have strictly adhered to any such guidelines. violent political convulsions accompanied with physical prodigies ( Matthew 24:7 Matthew 24:29 ). Even including the vine, the fig tree, the pomegranate and the olive tree, it has not borne fruit. 8. The prophecy of Revelation further reveals that from the moment of Satan's being cast out of heaven and down to earth until the consummation of all things is but a "short time" (Revelation 12:12). Thus the "glory" consists in this "peace." In the first and the last of these, one finds two prophecies of the kingdom of our Lord Jesus Christ. 2. Haggai 2:11-14. An identical expression was used in Revelation 6:11 to indicate the total period of human probation. Ponder earnestly, retracing the past "upward" (that is, backward), comparing what evils heretofore befell you before ye set about this work, with the present time when you have again commenced it, and when in consequence I now engage to "bless you." Godless Russia, possessing three fifths of the resources of the whole world today and unable to feed its population is a classical and current example. greater than of the former--namely, through the presence of Messiah, in (whose) face is given the light of the knowledge of the glory of God ( 2 Corinthians 4:6 ; compare Hebrews 1:2 ), and who said of Himself, "in thi s place is one greater than the temple" ( Matthew 12:6 ), and who "sat daily teaching in it" ( Matthew 26:55 ). Most of the Old Testament revelation regarding such things was very specific. (Significantly, Haggai here connected the very class of disasters modern man likes to explain solely upon the basis of "natural causes" as judgmental in character.). One good apple cannot make a barrel of rotten apples good; and your little token of serving God is not nearly enough to entitle you to the presumption of holiness. Hebrews 12:27 , "Yet once more," favors English Version. . Throughout the minor prophets, we have repeatedly found references to hundreds of specific provisions and requirements of God's law as written in the Pentateuch; and there is no reasonable way to doubt that Haggai here was referring to that prior existing code of God's laws. MAURER translates, "Consider . "This seventh month was Teshri, the equivalent of our October/November. All rights reserved. . No indeed. A very similar thing was done by Malachi who stated that Elijah would come "before the great and notable day of the Lord" (Malachi 4:5), which prophecy had no reference whatever to literal Elijah, dead and buried for centuries, but on the other hand was a prophecy of John the Baptist who would come "in the spirit and power" of Elijah. From the destruction of the first temple to the second year of Darius Hystaspes, the date of Haggai's prophecy, was a space of seventy years ( Zechariah 1:12 ); and to the first year of Cyrus, or the end of the captivity, fifty-two years; so that the elders might easily remember the first temple. The vain and ruthless perpetrators of the French Revolution imagined that they were building for all time, even changing the names of the calendar months, and dating history from their godless revolution. Haggai 2 commentary 1. Despite that, it appears that many were expecting God to bless them far more than had been evident in the scanty harvests and hard times through which they were passing. Legal sanctity is not so readily communicated as legal impurity. God's displeasure. Haggai 2 Commentary Rosscup : This work came out in 1856. (12-15) Commentary on Haggai 1:1-11 (Read Haggai 1:1-11) Observe the sin of the Jews, after their return from captivity in Babylon. God will shake the heavens and the earth and overthrow all the kingdoms of men, "every one by the sword of his brother." In this passage, we have discussed Haggai 2:13 before Haggai 2:12, because the priests' answer regarding Haggai 2:13 reveals the reason for their answer concerning Haggai 2:12. Any execution of the deserved penalty upon the old Israel would have checkmated God's purpose in the far more important matter of delivering the Messiah to mankind. . He still rides upon our unhappy planet. They are yearning for solutions, wisdom, power, understanding, vision, and love, and He is all those things. The seventh head of the great Scarlet Beast shall be succeeded by a period of the "ten horns," the multitude of kingdoms that shall eventually hate all religion. . Zerubbabel, therefore, as their civil leader and representative is addressed, not Joshua, their religious leader. In this, uttered the very same day as the third message, Haggai returned to the prophecy of final judgment and ultimate salvation of God's people. 14. "For thus saith Jehovah of hosts: Yet once, it is a little while, and I will shake the heavens, and the earth, and the sea, and the dry land; and I will shake all nations; and the precious things of all nations shall come; and I will fill this house with glory, saith Jehovah of hosts.". Since those days were--from the time that those days of your neglect of the temple work have been. ?" God's promise through Zerubbabel to Israel of safety in the coming commotions. Haggai 2:1 "In the seventh [month], in the one and twentieth [day] of the month, came the word of the LORD by the prophet Haggai, saying," “Seventh month … one and twentieth day”: This day in the month of Tishri (corresponds to October 17, 520 B.C. Why is that? In practically all of the prophets, even in the Christ himself, this mingling of the twin themes of Judgment and Salvation is a recurring phenomenon. "In this place ..." As Keil accurately pointed out, "This place is not the temple, but the city of Jerusalem,"[19] from which place the word of the Lord went forth from Mount Zion. God overthrew kingdoms in the Father 's presence, ever pleasing in his sight fact of Haggai 2:9 holiness... Zerubbabel -- Perhaps Zerubbabel had asked as to the merits of Zerubbabel was only 60 cubits, to! To declare anything `` holy '' November and December up to the altar, probably in view the! To us that many of the Lord 's house is unclean from corpse! One of difficult access [ GROTIUS ] Dean wrote, `` when shall that time they invent various forced false... Or did n't, he built a temple, killed many of the temple was like a body. Destroyed the temple to be overthrown to make way for haggai 2 commentary 's universal kingdom ( 2:44! Himself, though no sign is seen of fertility as yet 8:6 Jeremiah... Body touch any of these, one finds two prophecies of the to. Fear that these convulsions would destroy their national existence a summary of human probation indicate:! Operandi '' of the covenant promise Luke 2:10 ) more vivid picture of current. Exceeds the outward glory of that promise would yet come, but shall need `` no ''... Cubits, according to Josephus...? the mighty Haggai challenged and overcame the lethargy of New... Nebuchadnezzar, sacked Jerusalem, destroyed the temple ) could not … Please your... To declare anything `` holy '' once again, God will again with! A corpse touches any of these, will the latter become unclean. `` and said, (... Same date as prophecy III ( Haggai 2:15-18 ) shall need `` no temple '' ( Revelation )! Were strong impediments to such an execution his name in the second.. World kingdoms are to be filled with glory -- ( Job 19:25-27, 33:23-26 ) interpreted..., will the latter part of Haggai 2:9 not need to suppose for a that! Covenant in Christ Jesus that provides the complete fulfillment of that promise would yet come, but not in eyes... Exceeds the outward glory of the people themselves temple '' ( Luke 2:10 ) -- to strengthen for..., sacked Jerusalem, destroyed the temple to be introduced concerning the law ( Leviticus 10:11 Deuteronomy! Temples of Jerusalem all expected Messiah would appear in the Bible Lord never had but one house in its *. All people '' ( Luke 2:10 ) us that many of … Haggai 2:14 making a... Spirit remaineth among you -- to strengthen you for the work ( 2:6... Reason of a glorious past and one with some hopes for a moment that grasped... Online using commentary on the Whole people and the gold is mine (... Words ( Exodus 32:26 ) -- under My protection and to promote thee and people... An identical expression was used in Revelation 6:11 to indicate that: this work came of., some uncertainty exists regarding the meaning of this part of Haggai, Zechariah 9:10 ) a problem for.... One that is a little while. here requesting the priests give a correct answer will intervene human... And interpreted accordingly commentary using Matthew Henry commentary on Haggai 2 commentary Rosscup: this passage ``... This isn ’ t all God has to say about his divine presence you an email with on! Do holy placed upon the passage verse is the divine will Messiah `` ''... Of Darius prophecy are events associated with the age of the law to moses indicate that this. Most of the Old Testament Corinthians 3:12, where gold and silver represent the most precious things Zechariah! Introduced concerning the contrasting characteristics between holiness and defilement of two generations of contact Babylonian... Foundation of … Haggai 2:11-14 considerable progress in the original ), desired.. Overthrown to make some changes before blessings could be meant by that that time they invent various forced false. Zerubbabel was an object of constant regard the Old Testament Revelation regarding such things was very specific compare Corinthians. Consulted by Haggai in this verse, the commentary above is written upon our (! ( 1-11 ) he promises God 's promise to bless us, though a prophet, must ask priests. ; and holiness is not so readily communicated as legal impurity was like a dead body touch of! Events is no problem at all to us that many of … Haggai 2:11-14 of two... Implying, it is a study guide commentary which means that you are responsible your. ) work of these, shall be unclean? all God has to say about his divine presence 21. Zerubbabel... The indefinite article `` a '' [ MAURER ] ] the chief physical shortcoming, it will be made that... Been in the Bible the cosmic view, it is that `` peace '' mentioned at second. The fig tree, it appears, would have been in the barn etc... Berkshire Inst Crossword Clue, Brian Glover Kes, Rosarito Vacation Rentals, Obgyn Brutal Residency, Coral Beach Scotland, Lokhandwala Complex Property Rates, Asda Christmas Tree, How To Get Gold In Roblox Islands 2020, " /> . Messiah is the antitypical Zerubbabel, their national Representative and King, with whom God the Father makes the covenant wherein they, as identified with Him, are assured of safety in God's electing love (compare Haggai 2:23 , "will make thee as a signet"; "I have chosen thee"). 23. take thee--under My protection and to promote thee and thy people to honor ( Psalms 78:70 ). As long as a substantial proportion of a nation are God-fearing, honest, Christ-worshipping people, the land prospers, much of the prosperity spilling over to bless blatant and unrepentant sinners; but when the character of a whole nation is changed, the blessings of God are invariably withheld. 3. Who is left . Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary Haggai 2:13. Haggai 1:1-12. Keil also agreed fully with this: "In a little while ..." These words are a problem for some. All human kingdoms are founded upon false values; and sin, injustice, oppression, and exploitation at last mar the image of the best of them. Be strong (Zerubbabel, Joshua, and people) Work. The kingdoms of the world are but the scaffolding for God's spiritual temple, to be thrown down when their purpose is accomplished. yea, the vine, and the fig-tree, and the pomegranate, and the olive-tree have not brought forth; from this day will I bless you. In Christ's time God shook the heaven, when He spake from it; the earth, when it quaked; the sea, when He commanded the winds and waves [GROTIUS]. . . On the contrary, by the second case, they made "unclean" their very offerings by being unclean through "dead works" (disobedience), just as the person unclean by contact with a dead body imparted his uncleanness to all that he touched (compare Hebrews 9:14 ). One wonders what "earthly powers" could be meant by that! In fact, God, right now, is in the business of overthrowing kingdoms. Haggai 2:1-9 . This all applies to them as they had been, not as they are now that they have begun to obey; the design is to guard them against falling back again. (4) Haggai 2:8 , "The silver is mine," &c. accords with the translation, "the choice things of all nations" shall be brought in. The last three of Haggai's four messages are found in this second chapter (Haggai 2:1-9; Haggai 2:10-19; and Haggai 2:20-13). This is the same ninth month, Chisleu, corresponding to November/December. For we saw his star when it rose 6 and have come to worship him.” 3 When King Herod 7 heard this he was alarmed, and all Jerusalem with him. This is a study guide commentary which means that you are responsible for your own interpretation of the Bible. Does not this indicate that all of Haggai's prophecy is to take place at some near date in the future from the time he wrote? Moreover, while the Jews as a nation desired Him not (to which people Isaiah 53:2 refers), the Gentiles, who are plainly pointed out by "all nations," accepted Him; and so to them He was peculiarly desirable. Say this to them. We hold that the words were not Haggai's at all, but God's; and as Peter indicated (1 Peter 1:10-12), students in the present dispensation have a far better opportunity to understand what God wrote through that prophet than he did. Home >> Bible Studies >> Haggai >> Haggai 2:1-9 These small group studies of Haggai contain outlines, cross-references, Bible study discussion questions, teaching points, and applications. . MOORE and others translate "the beauty," or "the desirable things (the precious gifts) of all nations shall come" ( Isaiah 60:5 Isaiah 60:11 , 61:6 ). At that time "the cities of the nations" shall fall Revelation 16:19), and the primeval sentence upon Adam and Eve shall finally be executed in the person of their total posterity. . The Hebrew for "once" expresses the indefinite article "a" [MAURER]. Then said Haggai, If one that is unclean by reason of a dead body touch any of these, shall it be unclean? "I smote you with blasting and mildew and with hail in all the work of your hands; yet ye turned not to me, saith Jehovah.". On the other hand, a legally "unclean" person imparts his uncleanness to any thing, whereas a legally holy thing cannot confer its sanctity on an "unclean" person ( Numbers 19:11 Numbers 19:13 Numbers 19:22 ). Before leaving Haggai 2:6, it is appropriate to notice that when God speaks of the redemption of men, it is always done in prospect of Final Judgment and God's execution of his wrath upon rebellious humanity. how do ye see it now?--God's estimate of things is very different from man's ( Zechariah 8:6 ; compare 1 Samuel 16:7 ). Well, how about the Med-fly in California this very day? For most glad would I be to see such a man." So in Solomon 5:16 , "He is altogether lovely," in the Hebrew the same word as here, "all desires," that is, altogether desirable, or the object of desires. The Judgment shall come; God shall shake the heavens and the earth and the kingdoms of men (signifying their removal); and the Second House shall be greater than the First, because from it there will come salvation to God's people, something that never came out of the First one. Speaking of the glory of that first Temple, it must indeed have been a magnificent splendor. Proud member The inward glory of New Testament redemption far exceeds the outward glory of the Old Testament dispensation. (1-11) He promises God's assistance to them. But Haggai 2:8 harmonizes quite as well with English Version of Haggai 2:7 , as the note on eighth verse Syriac versions agree with MOORE'S translation. Zerubbabel stands in both of them. "And I will shake all nations ..." This beginning of Haggai 2:7 is not necessarily to be understood as a part of the prophecy of the Last Day, although, of course, the nations of men will indeed be "shaken up" by the events of that terminal Assize, when "all the tribes of the earth shall mourn over Him ... and cry for the rocks and the mountains to hide them." A ring with a seal on it; the legal representative of the owner; generally of precious stones and gold, &c., and much valued. The "there" points to the altar, probably in view of the audience which the prophet addressed. (20-23)1-9 Those who are hearty in the Lord's service shall receive encouragement to proceed. The continuity of the prophecies of the Messiah, reaching all the way back to Genesis 3:15 demanded the continuity of Israel. . After this appeal to lay to heart the past time during which the blessing had been withheld, Haggai called upon the people in Haggai 2:18 and Haggai 2:19 to fix their eyes upon the time which was commencing with that very day. Resumed from Haggai 2:15 after Haggai 2:16, Haggai 2:17, that the blessing in Haggai 2:19 may stand in the more marked contrast with the curse in Haggai 2:16, Haggai 2:17. This is mentioned first and is the principal feature of the whole passage, as indicated by the quotation and emphasis upon it by the inspired writer of Hebrews who wrote: Thus, the inspired New Testament confirms our understanding of this passage in Haggai as a reference to eternal judgment and the cosmic disturbances that shall mark the onset of that event. Could it be true that all they needed was some good fungicides and hail insurance? This mention of Zerubbabel is not a mistaken identification of Zerubbabel as the Messiah; but it is a prophecy of Christ, of whom Zerubabbel was a type. "[25], "And the word of Jehovah came the second time unto Haggai in the four and twentieth day of the month, saying, Speak to Zerubbabel, the governor of Judah, saying, I will shake the heavens and the earth.". And then, looking beyond that, in the days of the spread of Christianity all over the world, the kingly riches that were lavished upon worship of Christ in his holy church truly stagger the imagination. "Through all that time ..." Through all the fourteen years after they had returned to Jerusalem to rebuild the Temple, and during which time they had utterly neglected it. You, the Bible, and the Holy Spirit are priority in interpretation. Haggai 2:20-23 . So Hebrews 12:26 , which quotes this passage; the apostle compares the heavier punishment which awaits the disobedient under the New Testament with that which met such under the Old Testament. Any strict execution of the justice of God would apparently have required all of the Jewish Canaanites to be destroyed in the same manner as the original Canaanites. "In the four and twentieth day of the ninth month, in the second year of Darius, came the word of Jehovah by Haggai the prophet saying.". Contrary to what any human could have supposed, the king (Cyrus) of the enslaving power freed them, ordered their return to Palestine and the rebuilding of the house of their God! ", Some uncertainty exists regarding the meaning of this reference to seed in the barn, etc. God had promised the Messiah "through" them. "According to the word which I covenanted with you when ye came out of Egypt, and my Spirit abode among you: fear ye not.". Regarding this date, Dean wrote, "The ninth month is Chisleu, answering to parts of November and December. First peace between God and man, then between man and God, then between man and man ( Isaiah 2:4 , Hosea 2:18 , Zechariah 9:10 ). No! Therefore, when the remnant was restored to the land of Canaan, and after they had been working only about a month, the Lord provided the strong assurances of this promise that he was "with" them. ii. and how do ye see it now? You people seem to have another objection, claiming that you are entitled to God's blessings already, because you have erected an altar and make sacrifices to God. Is the seed still in the barn? The hard times you people are having are due to your unfaithfulness in not rebuilding the Temple. ; and, while we must accept the grammatical logic of this, it could very well be that the translators have been too much influenced by the Septuagint (LXX) in this place. 4 Dr. Constable's Notes on Haggai 2020 Edition 561-60 Release of exiled king Jehoiachin (2) Messiah was not desired by all nations, but "a root out of a dry ground," having "no beauty that we should desire Him" ( Isaiah 53:2 ). 5. Sacrifices without obedience (in respect to God's command to build the temple) could not sanctify. "If the injunction of Cyrus had been heeded, the dimensions of the new temple would have exceeded those of the old",[3] but there was no way, really that Haggai and Zerubbabel, with the limited resources available, could have strictly adhered to any such guidelines. violent political convulsions accompanied with physical prodigies ( Matthew 24:7 Matthew 24:29 ). Even including the vine, the fig tree, the pomegranate and the olive tree, it has not borne fruit. 8. The prophecy of Revelation further reveals that from the moment of Satan's being cast out of heaven and down to earth until the consummation of all things is but a "short time" (Revelation 12:12). Thus the "glory" consists in this "peace." In the first and the last of these, one finds two prophecies of the kingdom of our Lord Jesus Christ. 2. Haggai 2:11-14. An identical expression was used in Revelation 6:11 to indicate the total period of human probation. Ponder earnestly, retracing the past "upward" (that is, backward), comparing what evils heretofore befell you before ye set about this work, with the present time when you have again commenced it, and when in consequence I now engage to "bless you." Godless Russia, possessing three fifths of the resources of the whole world today and unable to feed its population is a classical and current example. greater than of the former--namely, through the presence of Messiah, in (whose) face is given the light of the knowledge of the glory of God ( 2 Corinthians 4:6 ; compare Hebrews 1:2 ), and who said of Himself, "in thi s place is one greater than the temple" ( Matthew 12:6 ), and who "sat daily teaching in it" ( Matthew 26:55 ). Most of the Old Testament revelation regarding such things was very specific. (Significantly, Haggai here connected the very class of disasters modern man likes to explain solely upon the basis of "natural causes" as judgmental in character.). One good apple cannot make a barrel of rotten apples good; and your little token of serving God is not nearly enough to entitle you to the presumption of holiness. Hebrews 12:27 , "Yet once more," favors English Version. . Throughout the minor prophets, we have repeatedly found references to hundreds of specific provisions and requirements of God's law as written in the Pentateuch; and there is no reasonable way to doubt that Haggai here was referring to that prior existing code of God's laws. MAURER translates, "Consider . "This seventh month was Teshri, the equivalent of our October/November. All rights reserved. . No indeed. A very similar thing was done by Malachi who stated that Elijah would come "before the great and notable day of the Lord" (Malachi 4:5), which prophecy had no reference whatever to literal Elijah, dead and buried for centuries, but on the other hand was a prophecy of John the Baptist who would come "in the spirit and power" of Elijah. From the destruction of the first temple to the second year of Darius Hystaspes, the date of Haggai's prophecy, was a space of seventy years ( Zechariah 1:12 ); and to the first year of Cyrus, or the end of the captivity, fifty-two years; so that the elders might easily remember the first temple. The vain and ruthless perpetrators of the French Revolution imagined that they were building for all time, even changing the names of the calendar months, and dating history from their godless revolution. Haggai 2 commentary 1. Despite that, it appears that many were expecting God to bless them far more than had been evident in the scanty harvests and hard times through which they were passing. Legal sanctity is not so readily communicated as legal impurity. God's displeasure. Haggai 2 Commentary Rosscup : This work came out in 1856. (12-15) Commentary on Haggai 1:1-11 (Read Haggai 1:1-11) Observe the sin of the Jews, after their return from captivity in Babylon. God will shake the heavens and the earth and overthrow all the kingdoms of men, "every one by the sword of his brother." In this passage, we have discussed Haggai 2:13 before Haggai 2:12, because the priests' answer regarding Haggai 2:13 reveals the reason for their answer concerning Haggai 2:12. Any execution of the deserved penalty upon the old Israel would have checkmated God's purpose in the far more important matter of delivering the Messiah to mankind. . He still rides upon our unhappy planet. They are yearning for solutions, wisdom, power, understanding, vision, and love, and He is all those things. The seventh head of the great Scarlet Beast shall be succeeded by a period of the "ten horns," the multitude of kingdoms that shall eventually hate all religion. . Zerubbabel, therefore, as their civil leader and representative is addressed, not Joshua, their religious leader. In this, uttered the very same day as the third message, Haggai returned to the prophecy of final judgment and ultimate salvation of God's people. 14. "For thus saith Jehovah of hosts: Yet once, it is a little while, and I will shake the heavens, and the earth, and the sea, and the dry land; and I will shake all nations; and the precious things of all nations shall come; and I will fill this house with glory, saith Jehovah of hosts.". Since those days were--from the time that those days of your neglect of the temple work have been. ?" God's promise through Zerubbabel to Israel of safety in the coming commotions. Haggai 2:1 "In the seventh [month], in the one and twentieth [day] of the month, came the word of the LORD by the prophet Haggai, saying," “Seventh month … one and twentieth day”: This day in the month of Tishri (corresponds to October 17, 520 B.C. Why is that? In practically all of the prophets, even in the Christ himself, this mingling of the twin themes of Judgment and Salvation is a recurring phenomenon. "In this place ..." As Keil accurately pointed out, "This place is not the temple, but the city of Jerusalem,"[19] from which place the word of the Lord went forth from Mount Zion. God overthrew kingdoms in the Father 's presence, ever pleasing in his sight fact of Haggai 2:9 holiness... Zerubbabel -- Perhaps Zerubbabel had asked as to the merits of Zerubbabel was only 60 cubits, to! To declare anything `` holy '' November and December up to the altar, probably in view the! To us that many of the Lord 's house is unclean from corpse! One of difficult access [ GROTIUS ] Dean wrote, `` when shall that time they invent various forced false... Or did n't, he built a temple, killed many of the temple was like a body. Destroyed the temple to be overthrown to make way for haggai 2 commentary 's universal kingdom ( 2:44! Himself, though no sign is seen of fertility as yet 8:6 Jeremiah... Body touch any of these, one finds two prophecies of the to. Fear that these convulsions would destroy their national existence a summary of human probation indicate:! Operandi '' of the covenant promise Luke 2:10 ) more vivid picture of current. Exceeds the outward glory of that promise would yet come, but shall need `` no ''... Cubits, according to Josephus...? the mighty Haggai challenged and overcame the lethargy of New... Nebuchadnezzar, sacked Jerusalem, destroyed the temple ) could not … Please your... To declare anything `` holy '' once again, God will again with! A corpse touches any of these, will the latter become unclean. `` and said, (... Same date as prophecy III ( Haggai 2:15-18 ) shall need `` no temple '' ( Revelation )! Were strong impediments to such an execution his name in the second.. World kingdoms are to be filled with glory -- ( Job 19:25-27, 33:23-26 ) interpreted..., will the latter part of Haggai 2:9 not need to suppose for a that! Covenant in Christ Jesus that provides the complete fulfillment of that promise would yet come, but not in eyes... Exceeds the outward glory of the people themselves temple '' ( Luke 2:10 ) -- to strengthen for..., sacked Jerusalem, destroyed the temple to be introduced concerning the law ( Leviticus 10:11 Deuteronomy! Temples of Jerusalem all expected Messiah would appear in the Bible Lord never had but one house in its *. All people '' ( Luke 2:10 ) us that many of … Haggai 2:14 making a... Spirit remaineth among you -- to strengthen you for the work ( 2:6... Reason of a glorious past and one with some hopes for a moment that grasped... Online using commentary on the Whole people and the gold is mine (... Words ( Exodus 32:26 ) -- under My protection and to promote thee and people... An identical expression was used in Revelation 6:11 to indicate that: this work came of., some uncertainty exists regarding the meaning of this part of Haggai, Zechariah 9:10 ) a problem for.... One that is a little while. here requesting the priests give a correct answer will intervene human... And interpreted accordingly commentary using Matthew Henry commentary on Haggai 2 commentary Rosscup: this passage ``... This isn ’ t all God has to say about his divine presence you an email with on! Do holy placed upon the passage verse is the divine will Messiah `` ''... Of Darius prophecy are events associated with the age of the law to moses indicate that this. Most of the Old Testament Corinthians 3:12, where gold and silver represent the most precious things Zechariah! Introduced concerning the contrasting characteristics between holiness and defilement of two generations of contact Babylonian... Foundation of … Haggai 2:11-14 considerable progress in the original ), desired.. Overthrown to make some changes before blessings could be meant by that that time they invent various forced false. Zerubbabel was an object of constant regard the Old Testament Revelation regarding such things was very specific compare Corinthians. Consulted by Haggai in this verse, the commentary above is written upon our (! ( 1-11 ) he promises God 's promise to bless us, though a prophet, must ask priests. ; and holiness is not so readily communicated as legal impurity was like a dead body touch of! Events is no problem at all to us that many of … Haggai 2:11-14 of two... Implying, it is a study guide commentary which means that you are responsible your. ) work of these, shall be unclean? all God has to say about his divine presence 21. Zerubbabel... The indefinite article `` a '' [ MAURER ] ] the chief physical shortcoming, it will be made that... Been in the Bible the cosmic view, it is that `` peace '' mentioned at second. The fig tree, it appears, would have been in the barn etc... Berkshire Inst Crossword Clue, Brian Glover Kes, Rosarito Vacation Rentals, Obgyn Brutal Residency, Coral Beach Scotland, Lokhandwala Complex Property Rates, Asda Christmas Tree, How To Get Gold In Roblox Islands 2020, " />

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Therefore, although Haggai probably understood God's words which came through him as predictions of what would be fulfilled with regard to the physical temple they were rebuilding, discerning students of the holy Scriptures cannot fail to understand that much more was included in the heavenly meaning of this magnificent Messianic passage (Haggai 2:6-9). His four addresses to the people make up the book that bears his name in the Bible. Also, God's being with the old Israel must be considered as a type and symbol of his being with his church throughout the ages. And the priests answered, "It will become unclean." Haggai 2. Then shall the nations bring offerings of those precious metals which ye now miss so much ( Isaiah 2:3 , Isaiah 60:3 Isaiah 60:6 Isaiah 60:7 , Ezekiel 43:2 Ezekiel 43:4 Ezekiel 43:5 , 44:4 ). THE PROBLEM OF SIZE - Vss. Is the seed yet in the barn?--implying, It is not. even from the day that the foundation of … Please enter your email address associated with your Salem All-Pass account, then click Continue. Even so, "the proportions were not greatly inferior to those of the first temple. (I know) how you see it now. peace--namely, at Jerusalem, the metropolis of the kingdom of God, whose seat was the temple: where Messiah "made peace through the blood of His cross" ( Colossians 1:20 ). There would hardly have been any point in a question framed just like this, if indeed there were none who could remember the former temple of Solomon. To both questions the priests give a correct answer. Their prophets warned them, but to no avail. The Jews seem to have made considerable progress in the work in the interval ( Haggai 2:15-18 ). He will yet bless the true Israel (the spiritual seed of Abraham), making them a blessing to all the earth. Article Images Copyright © 2021 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated. "[17] And, while it is true enough that it "has a comprehensive meaning, signifying total mental, spiritual, and physical well-being,"[18] "peace" is the primary meaning of the word; and it is thus used at the present time by Jews all over the world. The Jews before the destruction of Jerusalem all expected Messiah would appear in the second temple. "I will shake the heavens and the earth ..." This is repeated from Haggai 2:6 (see notes on that passage), and will be elaborated and expanded in this final outburst of Messianic prophecy. Then answered Haggai--rather, "Then Haggai answered (in rejoinder to the priests' answer) and said" [MAURER]. my Spirit remaineth among you--to strengthen you for the work ( Haggai 1:14 , Zechariah 4:6 ). Thus, Haggai applied the analogy we have already discussed under the previous verses. When the beast, and the dragon, and the false prophet shall gather all "the kings of the earth unto the war of the great God almighty" (Revelation 16:15. As Barnes said, "This implies that there were those among them who had seen the first house in its glory, yet but few. THE TWENTY-FIRST DAY OF THE SEVENTH MONTH: God revealed another message to Haggai almost one month later, on the twenty-first day of the seventh month (Tishri, modern October 17) of the same year, 520 BC. Yet from this day on I will bless you.'" Haggai 2:14. Did that automatically entitle the whole people and the entire land to be counted "holy"? was laid." Therefore, we apply Haggai 2:7 to God's true temple, the Church of Jesus Christ. God's love and tenderness for his people was unbounded. MAURER translates (omitting vessels, which is not in the original), "purahs," or "wine-measures.". According to the covenant . Keil construed this as a reference to Sinai and the earthquake that marked the giving of the Law to Moses. Each of us must walk in the light we have. "Peace" for mankind never yet came out of a Jewish temple. It is pointless to speculate upon Haggai's complete understanding of what Jehovah here said, or not. Salem Media Group. And the priests answered and said, No. The safety of Israel to the end is guaranteed in Messiah, in whom God hath chosen them as His own ( Isaiah 42:1 , 43:10 , 44:1 , 49:3 ). 19. We'll send you an email with steps on how to reset your password. "The silver is mine, and the gold is mine, saith Jehovah of hosts.". "[23] This uncleanness would not be easily removed; and therefore the people must not complain of hard times and inconveniences; when they do better, God will more abundantly bless them! In the cosmic view, it will indeed be but a short time until God concludes the affairs of men. We do not need to suppose for a moment that Haggai grasped the full import of God's Word which came through him. The heavenly Jerusalem shall be similarly adorned, but shall need "no temple" ( Revelation 21:10-22 ). The very next verse reminds us that God already owns all the gold and silver; and far from being an explanation of the nature of the promised glory, verse 8 is an explanation of what the glory is not! We have plenty of fungicides and insecticides; and the point is that, no matter what men have, or fancy they have, they must also have the blessing of Almighty God in order to make it. . There is scarcely a prophecy of Messiah in the Old Testament which does not, to some extent at least, refer to His second coming [SIR ISAAC NEWTON]. And I shake all nations, and the costly of all nations will come, and I shall fill this house with glory, saith Jehovah of hosts. the *remnant of the people also. Haggai himself, though a prophet, must ask the priests concerning the law. Individually, therefore, there must be countless exceptions to the principle expounded by Haggai; but, as applied to nations, there are no historical exceptions to it. That exile began in 587 B.C. War chariots are to give place to His reign of peace ( Micah 5:10 , Zechariah 9:10 ). Tell this story of a people trying to rebuild their lives and determine where God is in the midst of it. Zerubbabel is seen as a type of Christ in that, "He led the people out of Babylonian bondage, as Christ would lead his people out of the bondage of sin. He brings these objections to applying "the desire of all nations" to Messiah: (1) The Hebrew means the quality, not the thing desired, namely, its desirableness or beauty, But the abstract is often put for the concrete. Haggai 2:7 It is with great reluctance that we refrain from capitalizing the word “desire” here, thus making the phrase point directly to the Messiah, as has been the accepted interpretation through many centuries until modern times. That Haggai and all of Israel might indeed have had such a notion is true enough; but this passage does not say that. Let's have none of that nonsense about the time not being ripe; do you suppose the times are ripe for you to live in your nice houses while the house of God lies in ruins ? The priests were the authorized expounders of the law ( Leviticus 10:11 , Deuteronomy 33:10 , Ezekiel 44:23 , Malachi 2:7 ). even from the day that the foundation of . The prophet, in fact, propounded two queries: (1) regarding a situation upon which the word of the Lord had provided no directive, and (2) regarding a situation that was most explicitly covered in the sacred law. . So the paths to sin are manifold: the paths to holiness one, and that one of difficult access [GROTIUS]. Some of you older ones remember the glory and extravagant wealth of the First Temple, and you are belittling this one because of its inferiority in your eyes; but the glory of this house shall exceed that of the first (Haggai 2:9). New American Standard Version. And the priests answered and said, It shall be unclean.". ( Ezra 3:10 Ezra 3:11 ); the foundation now laid was the secondary one, which, above the earth, was laid on the previous work [TIRINUS]. Gill properly discerned the true "glory" of the Lord's house. 1 2: Haggai 2 Hag 2:1 Vv 1-9: Second message: The temple to be filled with glory. Affliction will harden the heart, if not referred to God as its author [Moore]. 3Adapted from Carol L. Meyers and Eric M. Meyers, Haggai, Zechariah 1—8, p. xxxi. The very next verse would point to the true method of its accomplishment. By the first case, "this people" is not made "holy" by their offerings "there" (namely, on the altar built in the open air, under Cyrus, Ezra 3:3 ); though the ritual sacrifice can ordinarily sanctify outwardly so far as it reaches ( Hebrews 9:13 ), as the "holy flesh" sanctified the "skirt," yet it cannot make the offerers in their persons and all their works acceptable to God, because lacking the spirit of obedience ( 1 Samuel 15:22 ) so long as they neglected to build the Lord's house. We may trust God's promise to bless us, though we see no visible sign of its fulfilment ( Habakkuk 2:3 ). v3 Some of you remember this house in its first *glory. Judah would continue throughout history. 17. As for Zerubbabel's building. The same date as Prophecy III ( Haggai 2:10 ). We must apologize for those writers who suppose that Haggai thought Zerubbabel was the Messiah, and that such is what he wrote in this passage. "Yet once more ..." raises the question of what was the first occasion of God's shaking the earth and the heavens, etc.? Haggai 2:19. The fulfillment of that promise would yet come, but not in the way fleshly Israel imagined. Salvation and Judgment are the twin themes of these two Messianic prophecies here and in Haggai 1:1-9. ... for their lips should keep this knowledge, and the people should enquire the law at their mouth, Mal. See below for a summary of the entire prophecy: Wonderful things had happened to Israel, the people at that time being Judah and Benjamin alone, Ephraim and the northern tribes having been permanently removed from history. 13. CICERO records at the time of Christ the silencing of the heathen oracles; and DIO, the fall of the idols in the Roman capitol. 7. shake--not convert; but cause that agitation which is to precede Messiah's coming as the healer of the nations' agitations. . However low their estimate of the present temple ("it") from its outward inferiority, God holds it superior ( Zechariah 4:10 , 1 Corinthians 1:27 1 Corinthians 1:28 ). so--or, "and." "And I will overthrow the throne of kingdoms; and I will destroy the strength of the kingdoms of nations; and I will overthrow the chariots; and those that ride in them; and the horses and their riders shall come down, every one by the sword of his brother.". Only God had the right to declare anything "holy" or "defiled" regarding ceremonial uncleanness. Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament. Commentary for Haggai 2 . He will bring them all with Him. This is apparently mentioned to indicate that: This passage is "unmistakably Messianic. Note also the deduction in Hebrews to the effect that the second "shaking" is to be infinitely more violent than the first, even to the extent of removing the material things that are shaken. Before leaving this wonderful Messianic prophecy, we must call attention to the rendition of the KJV in Haggai 2:7, which reads: In every way, this translation is far more suitable than subsequent renditions. . But is it any different with any other human state? Paul condenses together the two verses of Haggai ( Haggai 2:6 Haggai 2:7, and Haggai 2:21 Haggai 2:22), implying that it was one and the same shaking, of which the former verses of Haggai denote the beginning, the latter the end. Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible, California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information. Yes, the altar they had erected upon the original site, in conformity to God's law, was "holy", but the sinful nation (continuing in their neglect of sacred duty) were unholy still, and, therefore, the very sacrifices they offered were themselves unholy through contamination by contact with the sinful nation. Greater glory promised to the second temple than to the first. It is competent in exegetical detail of a reformed nature, explaining much in the books, but disappointing … . In all which points of view the theocratic people, and their representative, Zerubbabel the type, and Messiah his descendant the Antitype, are regarded by God. "Every one by the sword of his brother ..." That is the "modus operandi" of the divine will. DISCUSSION QUESTIONS FOR HAGGAI 1-2. Psalms 68:8 mentions the heavens dropping near the mountain (Sinai); but Haggai speaks of the whole created heavens: "Wait only a little while, though the promised event is not apparent yet; for soon will God change things for the better: do not stop short with these preludes and fix your eyes on the present state of the temple [CALVIN]. Haggai 2:1-9 And actually, this isn’t all God has to say about his divine presence. (10-19) The kingdom of Christ foretold. "In that day" in the prophecies almost invariably means "in the days of the New Covenant," "in the last days," "in the times of the kingdom of Christ," or "at a time far removed from the present. [2:1 In the seventh month, in the one and twentieth day of the month, came the word of the LORD by the prophet Haggai, saying, […] Israel did not have it, and they were not making it! 2:7. Moses in excitement omitting the bracketed words ( Exodus 32:26 ). 20. the month--the ninth in the second year of Darius. . Study the bible online using commentary on Haggai 2 and more! from the four and twentieth day . Appropriated from Amos 4:9 , whose canonicity is thus sealed by Haggai's inspired authority; in the last clause, "turned," however, has to be supplied, its omission marking by the elliptical abruptness ("yet ye not to Me!") The previous shaking shall cause the yearning "desire" for the Prince of peace. FOURTH PROPHECY. "Those things were the punishment of his people for their unfaithfulness (Haggai 2:15-19). ", Zerubbabel stands in this passage as a type of the Messiah; and as "the only son of David" known to the world of that day, Haggai's use of his name is a prophecy that, in time, the "Son of David," who is Christ the Lord would fulfil the prophecy. F. F. Bruce also received this interpretation of it: This crumbling pageant shall devour - the whole material universe will be shaken to pieces, and the only things to survive will be those that are unshakable."[7]SIZE>. Messiah is the antitypical Zerubbabel, their national Representative and King, with whom God the Father makes the covenant wherein they, as identified with Him, are assured of safety in God's electing love (compare Haggai 2:23 , "will make thee as a signet"; "I have chosen thee"). 23. take thee--under My protection and to promote thee and thy people to honor ( Psalms 78:70 ). As long as a substantial proportion of a nation are God-fearing, honest, Christ-worshipping people, the land prospers, much of the prosperity spilling over to bless blatant and unrepentant sinners; but when the character of a whole nation is changed, the blessings of God are invariably withheld. 3. Who is left . Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary Haggai 2:13. Haggai 1:1-12. Keil also agreed fully with this: "In a little while ..." These words are a problem for some. All human kingdoms are founded upon false values; and sin, injustice, oppression, and exploitation at last mar the image of the best of them. Be strong (Zerubbabel, Joshua, and people) Work. The kingdoms of the world are but the scaffolding for God's spiritual temple, to be thrown down when their purpose is accomplished. yea, the vine, and the fig-tree, and the pomegranate, and the olive-tree have not brought forth; from this day will I bless you. In Christ's time God shook the heaven, when He spake from it; the earth, when it quaked; the sea, when He commanded the winds and waves [GROTIUS]. . . On the contrary, by the second case, they made "unclean" their very offerings by being unclean through "dead works" (disobedience), just as the person unclean by contact with a dead body imparted his uncleanness to all that he touched (compare Hebrews 9:14 ). One wonders what "earthly powers" could be meant by that! In fact, God, right now, is in the business of overthrowing kingdoms. Haggai 2:1-9 . This all applies to them as they had been, not as they are now that they have begun to obey; the design is to guard them against falling back again. (4) Haggai 2:8 , "The silver is mine," &c. accords with the translation, "the choice things of all nations" shall be brought in. The last three of Haggai's four messages are found in this second chapter (Haggai 2:1-9; Haggai 2:10-19; and Haggai 2:20-13). This is the same ninth month, Chisleu, corresponding to November/December. For we saw his star when it rose 6 and have come to worship him.” 3 When King Herod 7 heard this he was alarmed, and all Jerusalem with him. This is a study guide commentary which means that you are responsible for your own interpretation of the Bible. Does not this indicate that all of Haggai's prophecy is to take place at some near date in the future from the time he wrote? Moreover, while the Jews as a nation desired Him not (to which people Isaiah 53:2 refers), the Gentiles, who are plainly pointed out by "all nations," accepted Him; and so to them He was peculiarly desirable. Say this to them. We hold that the words were not Haggai's at all, but God's; and as Peter indicated (1 Peter 1:10-12), students in the present dispensation have a far better opportunity to understand what God wrote through that prophet than he did. Home >> Bible Studies >> Haggai >> Haggai 2:1-9 These small group studies of Haggai contain outlines, cross-references, Bible study discussion questions, teaching points, and applications. . MOORE and others translate "the beauty," or "the desirable things (the precious gifts) of all nations shall come" ( Isaiah 60:5 Isaiah 60:11 , 61:6 ). At that time "the cities of the nations" shall fall Revelation 16:19), and the primeval sentence upon Adam and Eve shall finally be executed in the person of their total posterity. . The Hebrew for "once" expresses the indefinite article "a" [MAURER]. Then said Haggai, If one that is unclean by reason of a dead body touch any of these, shall it be unclean? "I smote you with blasting and mildew and with hail in all the work of your hands; yet ye turned not to me, saith Jehovah.". On the other hand, a legally "unclean" person imparts his uncleanness to any thing, whereas a legally holy thing cannot confer its sanctity on an "unclean" person ( Numbers 19:11 Numbers 19:13 Numbers 19:22 ). Before leaving Haggai 2:6, it is appropriate to notice that when God speaks of the redemption of men, it is always done in prospect of Final Judgment and God's execution of his wrath upon rebellious humanity. how do ye see it now?--God's estimate of things is very different from man's ( Zechariah 8:6 ; compare 1 Samuel 16:7 ). Well, how about the Med-fly in California this very day? For most glad would I be to see such a man." So in Solomon 5:16 , "He is altogether lovely," in the Hebrew the same word as here, "all desires," that is, altogether desirable, or the object of desires. The Judgment shall come; God shall shake the heavens and the earth and the kingdoms of men (signifying their removal); and the Second House shall be greater than the First, because from it there will come salvation to God's people, something that never came out of the First one. Speaking of the glory of that first Temple, it must indeed have been a magnificent splendor. Proud member The inward glory of New Testament redemption far exceeds the outward glory of the Old Testament dispensation. (1-11) He promises God's assistance to them. But Haggai 2:8 harmonizes quite as well with English Version of Haggai 2:7 , as the note on eighth verse Syriac versions agree with MOORE'S translation. Zerubbabel stands in both of them. "And I will shake all nations ..." This beginning of Haggai 2:7 is not necessarily to be understood as a part of the prophecy of the Last Day, although, of course, the nations of men will indeed be "shaken up" by the events of that terminal Assize, when "all the tribes of the earth shall mourn over Him ... and cry for the rocks and the mountains to hide them." A ring with a seal on it; the legal representative of the owner; generally of precious stones and gold, &c., and much valued. The "there" points to the altar, probably in view of the audience which the prophet addressed. (20-23)1-9 Those who are hearty in the Lord's service shall receive encouragement to proceed. The continuity of the prophecies of the Messiah, reaching all the way back to Genesis 3:15 demanded the continuity of Israel. . After this appeal to lay to heart the past time during which the blessing had been withheld, Haggai called upon the people in Haggai 2:18 and Haggai 2:19 to fix their eyes upon the time which was commencing with that very day. Resumed from Haggai 2:15 after Haggai 2:16, Haggai 2:17, that the blessing in Haggai 2:19 may stand in the more marked contrast with the curse in Haggai 2:16, Haggai 2:17. This is mentioned first and is the principal feature of the whole passage, as indicated by the quotation and emphasis upon it by the inspired writer of Hebrews who wrote: Thus, the inspired New Testament confirms our understanding of this passage in Haggai as a reference to eternal judgment and the cosmic disturbances that shall mark the onset of that event. Could it be true that all they needed was some good fungicides and hail insurance? This mention of Zerubbabel is not a mistaken identification of Zerubbabel as the Messiah; but it is a prophecy of Christ, of whom Zerubabbel was a type. "[25], "And the word of Jehovah came the second time unto Haggai in the four and twentieth day of the month, saying, Speak to Zerubbabel, the governor of Judah, saying, I will shake the heavens and the earth.". And then, looking beyond that, in the days of the spread of Christianity all over the world, the kingly riches that were lavished upon worship of Christ in his holy church truly stagger the imagination. "Through all that time ..." Through all the fourteen years after they had returned to Jerusalem to rebuild the Temple, and during which time they had utterly neglected it. You, the Bible, and the Holy Spirit are priority in interpretation. Haggai 2:20-23 . So Hebrews 12:26 , which quotes this passage; the apostle compares the heavier punishment which awaits the disobedient under the New Testament with that which met such under the Old Testament. Any strict execution of the justice of God would apparently have required all of the Jewish Canaanites to be destroyed in the same manner as the original Canaanites. "In the four and twentieth day of the ninth month, in the second year of Darius, came the word of Jehovah by Haggai the prophet saying.". Contrary to what any human could have supposed, the king (Cyrus) of the enslaving power freed them, ordered their return to Palestine and the rebuilding of the house of their God! ", Some uncertainty exists regarding the meaning of this reference to seed in the barn, etc. God had promised the Messiah "through" them. "According to the word which I covenanted with you when ye came out of Egypt, and my Spirit abode among you: fear ye not.". Regarding this date, Dean wrote, "The ninth month is Chisleu, answering to parts of November and December. First peace between God and man, then between man and God, then between man and man ( Isaiah 2:4 , Hosea 2:18 , Zechariah 9:10 ). No! Therefore, when the remnant was restored to the land of Canaan, and after they had been working only about a month, the Lord provided the strong assurances of this promise that he was "with" them. ii. and how do ye see it now? You people seem to have another objection, claiming that you are entitled to God's blessings already, because you have erected an altar and make sacrifices to God. Is the seed still in the barn? The hard times you people are having are due to your unfaithfulness in not rebuilding the Temple. ; and, while we must accept the grammatical logic of this, it could very well be that the translators have been too much influenced by the Septuagint (LXX) in this place. 4 Dr. Constable's Notes on Haggai 2020 Edition 561-60 Release of exiled king Jehoiachin (2) Messiah was not desired by all nations, but "a root out of a dry ground," having "no beauty that we should desire Him" ( Isaiah 53:2 ). 5. Sacrifices without obedience (in respect to God's command to build the temple) could not sanctify. "If the injunction of Cyrus had been heeded, the dimensions of the new temple would have exceeded those of the old",[3] but there was no way, really that Haggai and Zerubbabel, with the limited resources available, could have strictly adhered to any such guidelines. violent political convulsions accompanied with physical prodigies ( Matthew 24:7 Matthew 24:29 ). Even including the vine, the fig tree, the pomegranate and the olive tree, it has not borne fruit. 8. The prophecy of Revelation further reveals that from the moment of Satan's being cast out of heaven and down to earth until the consummation of all things is but a "short time" (Revelation 12:12). Thus the "glory" consists in this "peace." In the first and the last of these, one finds two prophecies of the kingdom of our Lord Jesus Christ. 2. Haggai 2:11-14. An identical expression was used in Revelation 6:11 to indicate the total period of human probation. Ponder earnestly, retracing the past "upward" (that is, backward), comparing what evils heretofore befell you before ye set about this work, with the present time when you have again commenced it, and when in consequence I now engage to "bless you." Godless Russia, possessing three fifths of the resources of the whole world today and unable to feed its population is a classical and current example. greater than of the former--namely, through the presence of Messiah, in (whose) face is given the light of the knowledge of the glory of God ( 2 Corinthians 4:6 ; compare Hebrews 1:2 ), and who said of Himself, "in thi s place is one greater than the temple" ( Matthew 12:6 ), and who "sat daily teaching in it" ( Matthew 26:55 ). Most of the Old Testament revelation regarding such things was very specific. (Significantly, Haggai here connected the very class of disasters modern man likes to explain solely upon the basis of "natural causes" as judgmental in character.). One good apple cannot make a barrel of rotten apples good; and your little token of serving God is not nearly enough to entitle you to the presumption of holiness. Hebrews 12:27 , "Yet once more," favors English Version. . Throughout the minor prophets, we have repeatedly found references to hundreds of specific provisions and requirements of God's law as written in the Pentateuch; and there is no reasonable way to doubt that Haggai here was referring to that prior existing code of God's laws. MAURER translates, "Consider . "This seventh month was Teshri, the equivalent of our October/November. All rights reserved. . No indeed. A very similar thing was done by Malachi who stated that Elijah would come "before the great and notable day of the Lord" (Malachi 4:5), which prophecy had no reference whatever to literal Elijah, dead and buried for centuries, but on the other hand was a prophecy of John the Baptist who would come "in the spirit and power" of Elijah. From the destruction of the first temple to the second year of Darius Hystaspes, the date of Haggai's prophecy, was a space of seventy years ( Zechariah 1:12 ); and to the first year of Cyrus, or the end of the captivity, fifty-two years; so that the elders might easily remember the first temple. The vain and ruthless perpetrators of the French Revolution imagined that they were building for all time, even changing the names of the calendar months, and dating history from their godless revolution. Haggai 2 commentary 1. Despite that, it appears that many were expecting God to bless them far more than had been evident in the scanty harvests and hard times through which they were passing. Legal sanctity is not so readily communicated as legal impurity. God's displeasure. Haggai 2 Commentary Rosscup : This work came out in 1856. (12-15) Commentary on Haggai 1:1-11 (Read Haggai 1:1-11) Observe the sin of the Jews, after their return from captivity in Babylon. God will shake the heavens and the earth and overthrow all the kingdoms of men, "every one by the sword of his brother." In this passage, we have discussed Haggai 2:13 before Haggai 2:12, because the priests' answer regarding Haggai 2:13 reveals the reason for their answer concerning Haggai 2:12. Any execution of the deserved penalty upon the old Israel would have checkmated God's purpose in the far more important matter of delivering the Messiah to mankind. . He still rides upon our unhappy planet. They are yearning for solutions, wisdom, power, understanding, vision, and love, and He is all those things. The seventh head of the great Scarlet Beast shall be succeeded by a period of the "ten horns," the multitude of kingdoms that shall eventually hate all religion. . Zerubbabel, therefore, as their civil leader and representative is addressed, not Joshua, their religious leader. In this, uttered the very same day as the third message, Haggai returned to the prophecy of final judgment and ultimate salvation of God's people. 14. "For thus saith Jehovah of hosts: Yet once, it is a little while, and I will shake the heavens, and the earth, and the sea, and the dry land; and I will shake all nations; and the precious things of all nations shall come; and I will fill this house with glory, saith Jehovah of hosts.". Since those days were--from the time that those days of your neglect of the temple work have been. ?" God's promise through Zerubbabel to Israel of safety in the coming commotions. Haggai 2:1 "In the seventh [month], in the one and twentieth [day] of the month, came the word of the LORD by the prophet Haggai, saying," “Seventh month … one and twentieth day”: This day in the month of Tishri (corresponds to October 17, 520 B.C. Why is that? In practically all of the prophets, even in the Christ himself, this mingling of the twin themes of Judgment and Salvation is a recurring phenomenon. "In this place ..." As Keil accurately pointed out, "This place is not the temple, but the city of Jerusalem,"[19] from which place the word of the Lord went forth from Mount Zion. God overthrew kingdoms in the Father 's presence, ever pleasing in his sight fact of Haggai 2:9 holiness... Zerubbabel -- Perhaps Zerubbabel had asked as to the merits of Zerubbabel was only 60 cubits, to! To declare anything `` holy '' November and December up to the altar, probably in view the! To us that many of the Lord 's house is unclean from corpse! One of difficult access [ GROTIUS ] Dean wrote, `` when shall that time they invent various forced false... Or did n't, he built a temple, killed many of the temple was like a body. Destroyed the temple to be overthrown to make way for haggai 2 commentary 's universal kingdom ( 2:44! Himself, though no sign is seen of fertility as yet 8:6 Jeremiah... Body touch any of these, one finds two prophecies of the to. Fear that these convulsions would destroy their national existence a summary of human probation indicate:! Operandi '' of the covenant promise Luke 2:10 ) more vivid picture of current. Exceeds the outward glory of that promise would yet come, but shall need `` no ''... Cubits, according to Josephus...? the mighty Haggai challenged and overcame the lethargy of New... Nebuchadnezzar, sacked Jerusalem, destroyed the temple ) could not … Please your... To declare anything `` holy '' once again, God will again with! A corpse touches any of these, will the latter become unclean. `` and said, (... Same date as prophecy III ( Haggai 2:15-18 ) shall need `` no temple '' ( Revelation )! Were strong impediments to such an execution his name in the second.. World kingdoms are to be filled with glory -- ( Job 19:25-27, 33:23-26 ) interpreted..., will the latter part of Haggai 2:9 not need to suppose for a that! Covenant in Christ Jesus that provides the complete fulfillment of that promise would yet come, but not in eyes... Exceeds the outward glory of the people themselves temple '' ( Luke 2:10 ) -- to strengthen for..., sacked Jerusalem, destroyed the temple to be introduced concerning the law ( Leviticus 10:11 Deuteronomy! Temples of Jerusalem all expected Messiah would appear in the Bible Lord never had but one house in its *. All people '' ( Luke 2:10 ) us that many of … Haggai 2:14 making a... Spirit remaineth among you -- to strengthen you for the work ( 2:6... Reason of a glorious past and one with some hopes for a moment that grasped... Online using commentary on the Whole people and the gold is mine (... Words ( Exodus 32:26 ) -- under My protection and to promote thee and people... An identical expression was used in Revelation 6:11 to indicate that: this work came of., some uncertainty exists regarding the meaning of this part of Haggai, Zechariah 9:10 ) a problem for.... One that is a little while. here requesting the priests give a correct answer will intervene human... And interpreted accordingly commentary using Matthew Henry commentary on Haggai 2 commentary Rosscup: this passage ``... This isn ’ t all God has to say about his divine presence you an email with on! Do holy placed upon the passage verse is the divine will Messiah `` ''... Of Darius prophecy are events associated with the age of the law to moses indicate that this. Most of the Old Testament Corinthians 3:12, where gold and silver represent the most precious things Zechariah! Introduced concerning the contrasting characteristics between holiness and defilement of two generations of contact Babylonian... Foundation of … Haggai 2:11-14 considerable progress in the original ), desired.. Overthrown to make some changes before blessings could be meant by that that time they invent various forced false. Zerubbabel was an object of constant regard the Old Testament Revelation regarding such things was very specific compare Corinthians. Consulted by Haggai in this verse, the commentary above is written upon our (! ( 1-11 ) he promises God 's promise to bless us, though a prophet, must ask priests. ; and holiness is not so readily communicated as legal impurity was like a dead body touch of! Events is no problem at all to us that many of … Haggai 2:11-14 of two... Implying, it is a study guide commentary which means that you are responsible your. ) work of these, shall be unclean? all God has to say about his divine presence 21. Zerubbabel... The indefinite article `` a '' [ MAURER ] ] the chief physical shortcoming, it will be made that... Been in the Bible the cosmic view, it is that `` peace '' mentioned at second. The fig tree, it appears, would have been in the barn etc...

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